On December 23, 2016, APHIS published a final rule amending the fruits and vegetables regulations to allow the importation of lemons from northwest Argentina into the continental United States under conditions designed to safeguard American agricultural production. The final rule can be viewed here. The final rule became effective on January 23, 2017, but was stayed on January 25, 2017, for 60 days, and again on March 17, 2017, for an additional 60 days.
USDA will work with Argentina’s National Food Safety and Quality Service (SENASA) to finalize the operational work plan described in the final regulation. For 2017 and 2018, Argentine lemons would be imported only into the northeastern United States.
Under the final rule, numerous requirements must first be met before the lemons can enter the United States. The requirements are in keeping with sound science, and with the conditions we would expect all trading partners to apply to U.S. exports. As authorized by the Plant Protection Act, USDA will not permit entry of lemons from northwest Argentina until all requirements are met.