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Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
U.S. Department of Agriculture

Comments Open on Proposed Rule to Amend Import Requirements for Cherimoya from Chile into the United States

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USDA APHIS is seeking comments on a proposed rule to amend the import requirements on fresh cherimoya fruit from Chile into the United States. The proposed rule will be available for review and comment beginning on or about April 4 and the comment period will be open for 60 days after publication.

Currently, commercial consignments of fresh cherimoya fruit from Chile are allowed into the United States provided the shipment has undergone a soapy water and wax treatment in accordance with the Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ) Treatment Manual to mitigate against infestation by the false red mite, and is accompanied by a permit and subjected to inspection and shipping procedures. The proposed rule amends the import requirements for fresh cherimoya fruit from Chile to allow commercial consignments into the continental United States subject to a systems approach. The systems approach requires production site registration, low-prevalence site certification, inspection in Chile by APHIS inspectors, and all consignments must be accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate from the NPPO of Chile containing an additional declaration that the fruit was produced in accordance with the import requirements.


After reviewing any comments we receive, we will announce our decision regarding the changes to the import requirements for fresh cherimoya fruit from Chile in a subsequent notice.


Once published, comments on the proposed rule can be submitted until 60 days after publication, on-line at!docketDetail;D=APHIS-2015-0015 . (This link will not be available until publication in the Federal Register.)


or by mail at:


Docket No. APHIS-2015-0015

Regulatory Analysis and Development, PPD

APHIS Station 3A-03.8

4700 River Road Unit 118

Riverdale, MD 20737-1238.

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