Skip to main content
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
U.S. Department of Agriculture
USDA FAQ's and resources about coronavirus (COVID-19).  LEARN MORE

APHIS Issues Notice of Supplemental EA to Expand the Use of an Oral Rabies Vaccine into Pennsylvania


The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Animal and Plant Inspection Service has prepared a supplemental environmental assessment (EA) related to a 2019 EA of an oral rabies vaccination (ORV) program in Maine, New Hampshire, New York, Ohio, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, and West Virginia.  This supplement analyzes our proposal to expand ONRAB vaccine baits into the ORV program area in Pennsylvania in cooperation with the U.S. Forest Service. 

In the Pennsylvania ORV distribution zone, the program currently uses the RABORAL V-RG® rabies wildlife vaccine.  However, despite historic and ongoing rabies management using this type of vaccine in Pennsylvania, rabies cases persist and contribute to a source of disease moving into neighboring Ohio. APHIS’ Wildlife Services (WS) has a strategic 5-year programmatic goal to eliminate raccoon rabies in Ohio.  In order to achieve this goal, it is critical to manage the disease more effectively in western Pennsylvania.  

Therefore, APHIS WS has prepared a supplemental EA analyzing the potential environmental impacts of expanding the ONRAB ORV program to include the Pennsylvania distribution zone in which the V-RG® vaccine is currently used.  The supplemental EA analyzes environmental issues with the ONRAB vaccine and field trial activities.  WS is making the supplemental EA available for public review and comment. 

You may submit comments at  Enter APHIS-2019-0034 in the Search field.  Select the Documents tab, then select the Comment button in the list of documents.   The EA, Decision/FONSI, and comments we received may be viewed at by entering APHIS-2019-0034 in the Search field.  Comments will be accepted until August 6, 2021.

USDA touches the lives of all Americans each day in so many positive ways. In the Biden-Harris Administration, USDA is transforming America’s food system with a greater focus on more resilient local and regional food production, fairer markets for all producers, ensuring access to safe, healthy and nutritious food in all communities, building new markets and streams of income for farmers and producers using climate smart food and forestry practices, making historic investments in infrastructure and clean energy capabilities in rural America, and committing to equity across the Department by removing systemic barriers and building a workforce more representative of America. To learn more, visit

Complementary Content