The U.S. Department of Agriculture's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) is classifying Canada as Level I for both bovine tuberculosis and brucellosis. APHIS prepared evaluations for both diseases and found that Canada fully meets the APHIS requirements for classification as Level 1. Bovine TB is an infectious, granulomatous disease caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium bovis. It can cause progressive respiratory disease in most warm-blooded vertebrates, including humans. The main domestic reservoir of this pathogen is cattle. Brucellosis is a disease of livestock and wildlife that poses significant animal and public health and international trade consequences. Brucellosis causes loss of young through spontaneous abortion or birth of weak offspring, reduced milk production, and infertility in bovines.
Additional information on this action can be found in today's Federal Register at https://www.federalregister.gov/d/2021-28057.
USDA touches the lives of all Americans each day in so many positive ways. In the Biden-Harris Administration, USDA is transforming America’s food system with a greater focus on more resilient local and regional food production, fairer markets for all producers, ensuring access to safe, healthy and nutritious food in all communities, building new markets and streams of income for farmers and producers using climate smart food and forestry practices, making historic investments in infrastructure and clean energy capabilities in rural America, and committing to equity across the Department by removing systemic barriers and building a workforce more representative of America. To learn more, visit www.usda.gov.