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Status of Reportable Diseases in the United States

The following tables show the United States' status for animal diseases that are reported to the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) if they are confirmed to be present in specific livestock, poultry, and aquaculture species. This information is reported to OIE every six months and is also presented on the international OIE website.

Contents:

Diseases Associated with Multiple Species:

Disease Status Date of Last Occurrence / Notes
Anthrax Present Sporadic / limited distribution
Aujeszky's disease Present Sporadic / limited distribution to feral and-or non-commercial production swine. Non-commercial swine: swine managed under biosecurity conditions that allow for potential exposure to feral swine that may be infected with swine diseases, such as pseudorabies / national eradication; program / no commercial production swine herd detections in 2012
Bluetongue Present Sporadic / serotypes 3, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, and 17 detected in 2012
Brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Present Sporadic / limited distribution-primarily limited to wildlife in the Greater Yellowstone National Park area / national eradication program / one domestic cattle herd detection and one domestic bison herd detections in 2012
Brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) Free 1999
Brucellosis (Brucella suis) Present Sporadic / limited distribution to feral and-or non-commercial production swine. Non-commercial swine: swine managed under biosecurity conditions that allow for potential exposure to feral swine that may be infected with swine diseases, such as brucellosis / national eradication program/ no commercial production swine herd detections in 2012
Crimean Congo haemorrhagic fever Free Never occurred
Echinococcosis / hydatidosis Present? Sporadic (uncommon in all species) / 2008
Epizootic hemorrhagic disease (EHD) Present Sporadic and limited distribution. Serotypes 1 (wild deer), 2, and 6 detected in 2012 / Increased disease activity in 2012
Equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern) Present Sporadic / limited distribution / Increased activity in 2012
Foot-and-mouth disease Free 1929
Heartwater Free Never occurred
Japanese encephalitis Free Never occurred
Leptospirosis Present  
New world screwworm Free 1982
Old world screwworm Free Never occurred
Paratuberculosis(Johne's Disease) Present Voluntary control program
Q fever Present Sporadic
Rabies Present  
Rift Valley fever Free Never occurred
Rinderpest Free Never occurred
Surra (Trypanosoma evansi) Free Never occurred
Trichinellosis Present? Sporadic (backyard and wild animals) / no commercial production swine herd detections in 2012
Tularemia Present (wild) Sporadic
Vesicular stomatitis Present Sporadic / Fifty-one confirmed equine cases (New Jersey strain) detected in NM and CO. (OIE Immediate / Follow-up Reports – event resolved 12/27/2012)
West Nile fever / encephalitis Present  

Cattle Diseases

Disease Status Date of Last Occurrence / Notes
Bovine anaplasmosis Present  
Bovine babesiosis Free Limited distribution (endemic in territories of Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands; last occurrence on the U.S. mainland was in 1943)
Bovine genital campylobacteriosis Present Sporadic
Bovine spongiform encephalopathy Controlled risk (OIE upgraded status to ‘Negligible Risk’ in 2013) One detection of atypical BSE, an uncommon form of the agent not generally associated with an animal consuming infected feed. (OIE Immediate / Follow-up Reports – event resolved 7/6/2012)
Bovine tuberculosis Present Sporadic / limited distribution / national eradication program
Bovine viral diarrhea Present  
Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Free 1892
Enzootic bovine leukosis Present  
Haemorrhagic septicaemia Absent 1969
Infectious bovine rhinotracheitis / infectious pustular vulvovaginitis Present  
Lumpy skin disease Free Never occurred
Theileriosis Free Never occurred
Trichomonosis Present  
Trypanosomosis Free Never occurred

Sheep and Goat Diseases

Disease Status Date of Last Occurrence / Notes
Caprine arthritis / encephalitis Present  
Contagious agalactia Present Sporadic
Contagious caprine pleuropneumonia Free Never occurred
Enzootic abortion of ewes (ovine chlamydiosis) Present Sporadic
Maedi-visna Present Sporadic
Nairobi sheep diseases Free Never occurred
Ovine epididymitis (Brucella ovis) Present
Peste des petits ruminants Free Never occurred
Salmonellosis (S. abortus ovis) Present? Sporadic / no detections reported in 2012
Scrapie Present National eradication program
Sheep pox and goat pox Free Never occurred

Equine Diseases

Disease Status Date of Last Occurrence / Notes
African horse sickness Free Never occurred
Contagious equine metritis Absent The event in 2011 was closed out in 2012. No detected cases in 2012.
Dourine Free 1934
Equine encephalomyelitis (Western) Present? Sporadic / limited distribution / no animal detections reported in 2012
Equine infectious anemia Present Sporadic / limited distribution / national control program
Equine influenza Present Sporadic
Equine piroplasmosis Present Multiple events (OIE Immediate / Follow-up Reports—Open)
Equine rhinopneumonitis Present Sporadic
Equine viral arteritis Present Sporadic
Glanders Free 1942
Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis Free 1971

Swine Diseases

Disease Status Date of Last Occurrence / Notes
African swine fever Free Never occurred
Classical swine fever (hog cholera) Free 1976
Nipah virus encephalitis Free Never occurred
Porcine cysticercosis Absent 2004
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome Present  
Swine vesicular disease Free Never occurred
Transmissible gastroenteritis Present  

Avian Diseases

Disease Status Date of Last Occurrence / Notes
Avian chlamydiosis Present Sporadic (wild birds, pet birds, backyard) / no commercial production flock detections in 2012
Avian infectious bronchitis Present  
Avian infectious laryngotracheitis Present Sporadic (primarily vaccine-related)
Avian mycoplasmosis (M. gallisepticum) Present Sporadic / all commercial poultry breeding flocks are under a surveillance program to confirm infection-free status.  Commercial table-egg laying may be vaccinated
Avian mycoplasmosis (M. synoviae) Present Sporadic / all commercial poultry breeding flocks are under a surveillance program to confirm infection-free status. 
Duck viral hepatitis Free 1998
Fowl typhoid (Salmonella gallinarum) Free 1981
Highly pathogenic avian influenza Free 2004
Low pathogenic avian influenza (poultry) Notifiable H5 and H7 Identification of the presence of infection

Identified sporadically in backyard poultry and in live-bird-markets which serve local ethnic communities. No commercial production flock detections in 2012.

Infectious bursal disease (Gumboro disease) Present Sporadic
Newcastle disease (Neurotropic and viscerotropic strains) Present (wild) 2003-domestic poultry are considered Free / sporadic detections in wild birds
Pullorum disease (Salmonella pullorum) Present? Sporadic (backyard) / no commercial production flock detections since 1991, considered absent in them / no detections reported in 2012
Turkey rhinotracheitis Present?  Disease suspected but not confirmed limited to certain zones / regions of the country  

Lagomorph Diseases

Disease Status Date of Last Occurrence / Notes
Myxomatosis Present? Sporadic / limited distribution / no detections reported in 2012
Rabbit hemorrhagic disease Absent 2010

Bee Diseases

Disease Status Date of Last Occurrence / Notes
Acarapisosis of honey bees Present Sporadic / limited distribution
American foulbrood of honey bees Present  
European foulbrood of honey bees Present  
Small hive beetle infestation (Aethina tumida) Present  
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey bees Free Never occurred
Varroosis of honey bees Present  

Other Listed Diseases

Disease Status Date of Last Occurrence / Notes
Leishmaniosis Present? No detections reported in 2011
Camelpox Free Never occurred

Aquaculture Diseases - Fish

Disease Status Date of Last Occurrence / Notes
Epizootic hematopoietic necrosis Free Never occurred
Epizootic ulcerative syndrome Present? (wild) 2004-domestic absent / sporadic occurence in wild species
Gyrodactylosis (Gyrodactylus salaries) Free Never occurred
Infectious hematopoietic necrosis (IHN) Present Sporadic / limited distribution
Infectious salmon anemia Absent 2006
Koi herpesvirus disease Present  
Red sea bream iridoviral disease Free Never occurred
Spring viremia of carp present (Wild)
2004-Domestic absent
Viral hemorrhagic septicaemia Present (Wild) Domestic absent / Sporadic (wild species) / limited distribution

Aquaculture Diseases - Molluscs

Disease Status Date of Last Occurrence / Notes
Infection with abalone herpes-like virus Free Never occurred
Infection with Bonamia exitiosus Present Sporadic/limited distribution (wild species). One domestic outbreak in 2012 (OIE Immediate / Follow-up Reports – event closed 2/15/2013). Previous United States OIE reports indicating that B. exitiosa has ‘never occurred’ in wild were in error. Improved resolution of Bonamia phylogeny allowed parasite infecting wild Ostrea equestris along the United States Southeastern coast to be identified as B. exitiosa. New diagnostics now allows B. exitiosa to be distinguished from other Bonamia species. 
Infection with Bonamia ostreae Present? (wild) 2006-domestic
Infection with Marteilia refringens Free Never occurred
Infection with Perkinsus marinus Present Sporadic / limited distribution
Infection with Perkinsus olseni Free Never occurred
Infection with Xenohaliotis californiensis Free 2006

Aquaculture Diseases - Crustaceans

Disease Status Date of Last Occurrence / Notes
Crayfish plague (Aphanomyces astaci) Free  
Infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis Free  
Infectious myonecrosis Free Never occurred
Taura syndrome Free 2007
White spot disease Present Domestic - One new event 2012 (OIE Immediate / Follow-up Reports - event closed 10/25/2012) / wild present? and limited distribution
White tail disease Free Never occurred
Yellowhead disease Free  

Amphibians

Infection with Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis Present (wild)  
Infection with ranavirus Present (wild)  

Sporadic = occurring only occasionally
Limited distribution = limited geographic distribution
Present? = occurrence suspected but not confirmed
Absent = disease absent during reporting period / no detections reported

 

 



Additional Information