Foot and Mouth Disease,
Brazil and Peru,
How extensive is the disease in the affected countries, and what was the disease status of the countries prior to the outbreak?
Brazil : An outbreak of foot and mouth disease (FMD) seroype O was reported to the OIE by Brazil on June 17, 2004. The outbreak occurred in the Monte Alegre district in the northern State of Para, where three head of a 130 cattle herd were found to be infected. The affected premises is in a relatively isolated area on the north bank of the Amazon river. A quarantine and movement controls have been initiated and an epidemiological investigation is underway.
Brazil previously reported FMD outbreaks in its southern zones in 2001 (type A) and 2000 (type O), and in its northern states in 1999 (type O). The current outbreak is approximately 450 miles north of a group of Brazilian states that the OIE presently classifies as FMD free zones where vaccination is practiced. The US does not recognized Brazil to be free of FMD and thus allows no Brazilian imports of potentially affected products.
Peru : Peru s Director General for Animal Health reported to the OIE an outbreak of FMD on June 17, 2004. Positive laboratory diagnosis of FMD type O was made on June 11 and June 14, 2004 on samples taken from eight feeder cattle originating on three farms in the Lurin district, Lima Department. A vaccination program had been in place in the affected area. The eight FMD-positive cattle and 80 cattle that had contact with the infected cattle were destroyed and movement restrictions were put in place for susceptible species in the affected area. In addition to enhanced FMD serological monitoring, booster vaccination is being stepped up in the area.
Previously, Peru reported cases of FMD in 2000 and in 1999, with the 1999 outbreak affecting cattle, sheep, and swine. The OIE and the US do not consider Peru to be free of FMD.
Sources: OIE Disease Information Report; CEI Impact Worksheets
What are the U.S. imports of affected animals or animal products from Brazil and Peru ?
Because Brazil and Peru are not recognized by the US to be free of FMD, the US imports no live ruminants or swine from either country. The US restricts imports of meat and other ruminant and swine products from non-FMD free countries to products that are processed and prepared according to specified Federal regulations designed to mitigate the risk of FMD transmission.
US imports from Brazil : During 2003, the US imported approximately $151 million in processed meat and $75 million in other processed animal and dairy products from Brazil . In addition, Brazil exported to the US about $7 million in processed hides, biologics, and animal feed. The corresponding import product values from January through April 2004 are $56.8 million in processed meat, $25.3 million in other processed animal products, and $2.3 million in processed hides, biologics, and animal feed.
US imports from Peru : US imports of processed meat and other animal products from Peru are relatively small. In 2003, the US imported a value of $1.3 million in processed ruminant products. Of that amount, about $1.1 million was comprised of hides and animal skins. During the January through April 2004 period, Peru exported to the US about $500,000 in ruminant products.
Source: World Trade Atlas
Additional information on previous FMD outbreaks in Brazil and Peru may be found on the CEI website at http://www.aphis.usda.gov/vs/ceah/cei/iw_archive.htm
If you seek more information or wish to comment on this worksheet, please contact Cynthia Johnson at 970-494-7332 or Wolf Weber at 970-494-7222.