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ASF in Burkina Faso_ August 2003

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African Swine Fever , Burkina Faso , Africa

August 29, 2003

Impact Worksheet

Summary:

Burkina Faso , Africa , reported the country’s first occurrence of African swine fever (ASF) to the OIE on August 25, 2003 . The outbreak was initially recognized in July 2003, in southern Burkina Faso and involved 400 swine . Neighboring countries to the south of Burkina Faso have experienced outbreaks of ASF in 2001 and 2002.

The USDA has not recognized Burkina Faso as free of ASF; therefore, the U.S. does not currently accept live swine or pork products from this country. Burkina Faso has a small swine industry and did not export live swine, and exported only a negligible amount of pig meat in the world market in 2000 and 2001. Most agriculture in Burkina Faso is subsistence farming.

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How extensive is African swine fever in Burkina Faso, and what was Burkina Faso’s disease status prior to the outbreak?

This is the first reported occurrence of ASF in Burkina Faso . Ill animals were detected on July 1, 2003 . The outbreak involves 400 swine in the Kompienga province of southern Burkina Faso , bordering Benin .

A total of 133 dead pigs and 5 sick pigs were observed during July, 2003. Since August 1, 2003 , no additional mortality has been reported. Control measures have been implemented and include:

· Quarantine of affected animals in Kompienga district

· Complete ban on the movement of pigs and pig products in Kompienga province

· Intensified surveillance in the neighboring provinces

Initial laboratory testing was performed using direct immunofluorescence and ELISA; confirmatory laboratory testing is currently underway.

Surrounding countries have experienced recent outbreaks of ASF including Ghana in 2002, and Benin and Togo in 2001.

The USDA has not recognized Burkina Faso as free of ASF; therefore, the U.S. does not currently accept live swine or pork products from this country.

Source: OIE Disease Information Report

What is Burkina Faso ’s place in the international market for swine and pork products?

In 2002, Burkina Faso had approximately 630,000 live swine, which was <0.1% of world production. Also in 2002, pig meat production was 8800 metric tons.

Burkina Faso did not export any live swine in 2000 or 2001, and exported a negligible amount of pig meat in the world market in 2000 and 2001.

Source: United Nations FAO

What are the U.S. imports of swine or pork products from Burkina Faso ?

The U.S. imported no live swine or pork products from Burkina Faso during 2002 and January through June 2003.

Source: World Trade Atlas

What are the Canadian and Mexican imports of swine or pork products?

Neither Canada nor Mexico imported live swine or pork products from Burkina Faso during 2002 and January through June 2003 (January through May 2003, Mexico ).

Source: World Trade Atlas

What is the level of passenger traffic arriving in the United States from Burkina Faso ?

In 2001, 1199 travelers to the U.S. were residents of Burkina Faso . As part of APHIS-PPQ’s agriculture quarantine inspection monitoring, 7 air passengers from Burkina Faso were sampled for items of agricultural interest in fiscal year 2002. Of these passengers, none were found to have items of agricultural interest.

Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, and APHIS-PPQ Agricultural Quarantine Inspection data base

CEI’s plans for follow up:

As of August 29, 2003 , the Center for Emerging Issues has no further plans for follow-up of ASF in Burkina Faso . If you need more information or if you want to comment on this worksheet, you may reply to this message, or contact Cynthia Johnson at (970) 494-7332, or Kathy Orloski at (970) 494-7221.



Additional Information