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fmd_ rok 05_08_02

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Foot and Mouth Disease, Republic of Korea (South Korea)

Impact Worksheet, May 8, 2002

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Summary:

On 4 May 2002, an outbreak of foot and mouth disease (FMD) Type 01 was reported to the OIE at two locations 25 km apart in the Republic of Korea (ROK). The first location was a pig fattening farm in Anseong, Kyonggi province, 60 km south of Seoul, and the second location was at a pig farm in Jinchon, Chunguk province. The last outbreak of FMD in the Republic of Korea occurred in April 2000.

The ROK had approximately 1 percent of world stocks and 1 percent of world swine production in 2001. The ROK is a minimal exporter of live pigs and pig meat, primarily to Russia, the Philippines, and Hong Kong. The ROK does not export live cattle, and beef is only exported as processed products. In 2000 and 2001 the U.S. imported a variety of products from the ROK including tanned and untanned hides and skins from a variety of animals.

The ROK last had an outbreak of FMD in April of 2000. In September 2001 they had been granted FMD free status by the OIE, but the ROK had not applied to the USDA for FMD free status. The ROK is not considered free of FMD or CSF by the U.S.

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How extensive is the disease in the affected country, and what was the country’s disease status prior to the outbreak?

On 4 May 2002, an outbreak of foot and mouth disease (FMD) Type 01 was reported to the OIE at two locations 25 km apart. The disease was first suspected on 2 May, 2002 at the first site in Anseong, in Kyonggi province, approximately 60 km south of Seoul (see flag on map). The second site was 25 km further south of the first site in Jinchon in Chungbuk province, and was outside of the 20 km restricted movement zone established around the first site. The FMD outbreak sites were not located near the 22 April 2002 outbreak of CSF, which was in the northern part of the country near the demilitarized zone. The Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry imposed quarantines and movement restrictions on May 3, and the sites have been depopulated and disinfected.

The ROK last had an outbreak of FMD in April 2000. In September 2001, ROK had been granted FMD free status by the OIE. ROK had not applied to the USDA for FMD free status and is not considered free of FMD or CSF by the U.S. The ROK had recently (29 April 2002) begun exporting pork to Japan, from the island of Cheju.

Source: OIE Disease Information Report; Reuters

FMD South Korea

What is the country’s place in the international market for affected animals and animal products?

In 2001, the ROK had 8.7 million hogs, 1.9 million cattle, 600 sheep and 430,000 goats. All of these stocks represented 1 percent or less of world production (Table 1). The ROK produced 900,000 metric tons of pork, 226,000 metric tons of beef and veal, 3 metric tons of mutton and lamb and 2,700 metric tons of goat meat in 2001.

Table 1: Animal Stocks and Production, Republic of Korea, 2000 and 2001

2000

2001

Production

Production

% of World Production

Swine

Live Stocks (# head) 8,214,369 8,719,851 0.9%
Pig Meat (mt) 915,899 927,692 1.0%

Cattle

Live Stocks (# head) 2,133,720 1,954,025 0.1%
Beef and Veal (mt)

305,868

226,000 0.4%

Sheep

Live Stocks (# head) 829 600 <0.1%
Mutton and Lamb (mt) 4 3 <0.1%

Goats

Live Stocks (# head) 444,833 430,000 <0.1%
Goat Meat (mt) 2,775 2,700 <0.1%

Source: UN Food and Agriculture Organization

What is the country’s production and trade in affected animals and animal products?

The ROK exported small amounts of pork, processed beef and sheep and goat meat in 2000. All of the exported meat products accounted for less than 1 percent of world exports. Limited amounts of beef (23 metric tons) and pork (35,000 metric tons) were exported in 2001, and the majority of pork was exported to Russia and the Philippines. Exports of hides and skins were 1.5 percent of total world exports.

Table 2: Exports of live animals and animal products, Republic of Korea, 1999 - 2000

Exports

1999

2000

2001

Quantity (# head or mt) Value (1000 $) Quantity (# head or mt) Value (1000 $) Quantity (# head or mt) Value (1000 $)

Swine

Live Pigs 325 338 0 0 0 0
Pig Meat 110,605 334,316 29,978 73,825 0.4% 0.5%

Cattle

Live Cattle 300 542 0 0 0 0
Beef Meat 1,248 4,134 1,019 3,059 <0.1% <0.1%

Ovine (Sheep and Goat)

Live Sheep and Goats 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ovine Meat 2,263 5,149 647 1,148 <0.1% <0.1%

Other Animal Products

Milk Products 2,878 2,326 7,578 5,458 <0.1% <0.1%
Wool, Greasy 102 0 34 1 <0.1% <0.1%
Hides and Skins 45,776 43,174 9,570 10,637 1.5% 0.2%

Source: UN Food and Agriculture Organization

What are the U.S. imports of affected animals or animal products from the country?

The US imported no relevant live animals or animal products from the Republic of Korea during the years 2000, 2001, or January and February of 2002. No live ruminants or swine were imported into the US from the ROK in 2000 or 2001. The U.S. imported $6.5 million of tanned skins and other imports of lesser value in 2000. Imports in 2001 included untanned skins, hair, animal feeds and other dairy products. Meat products are allowed to be imported from countries not free of FMD if the products are prepared or processed in a manner as specified in Federal regulations and under certain import conditions. Upon meeting these conditions and regulations, the risk of FMD transmission is mitigated. Neither Canada nor Mexico imported meat products for commercial distribution from the ROK in 2000 or 2001.

Table 3: U.S. Imports of Animal Products from the Republic of Korea, 2000 and 2001

Description

2000

2001

Millions of $(U.S.)

Millions of $(U.S.)

Dairy Products 0.06 0.02
Buttermilk, yogurt, kephir etc., flavored etc. or not 0.00 0.00
Whey & milk products NESOI, flavored etc. or not 0.03 0.00
Edible products of animal origin, NESOI 0.03 0.01
Animal Feeds 0.01 0.20
Hides, Skins, Wool - Not Tanned 0.02 0.03
Hair, Guts, Glands, Semen 0.97 0.17
Animal products NESOI, dead animals ch 1, inedible 0.01 0.02
Parings/waste of raw hides/skins, glue stock NESOI 0.89 0.03
Products used as food, ingredients, for animals, NESOI 0.07 0.12
Hides, Skins -Tanned 4.25 6.50

Source: World Trade Atlas, FAS GAIN Report #KS2005 2/1/2002

What is the level of passenger traffic arriving in the United States from the affected country?

A total of 1,821 passengers arrived on direct flights to the US from the Republic of Korea in 2000. This number does not include passengers who arrived in the US from the ROK via indirect flights.

As part of APHIS-PPQ’s agriculture quarantine inspection monitoring, 2,403 air passengers whose travel originated from the ROK were sampled for items of agricultural interest in fiscal year 2000. Of these passengers, 66 were carrying a total of 38 kgs of beef items and 10 kgs of pork items that could potentially harbor the FMD virus. None of the passengers reported plans to visit or work on a ranch or farm while in the US.

Source: US Department of Transportation, and APHIS-PPQ Agricultural Quarantine Inspection data base

CEI’s plans for follow up:

As of 8 May 2002, CEI has no plans for further reporting on FMD in the Republic of Korea. If you seek more information or wish to comment on this worksheet, please reply by e-mail or contact Jennifer Grannis at (970) 494-7328 or Nancy Baker at (970) 494-7329.



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