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Classical Swine Fever, Albania

Impact Worksheet, February 19, 2003

Summary:

Albania reported three outbreaks of Classical Swine Fever (CSF) in December 2002, with a total of 40 cases. The last reported CSF outbreak in Albania was in 1996. The U.S. received no live swine or pork products from Albania in 2002. Stocks of swine in Albania in 2002 and 2001 were less than 0.1 percent of total world stocks.

Regionally, CSF is considered endemic in a number of Eastern European countries, including Bosnia & Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Romania and Yugoslavia. In addition, Croatia, Moldavia, and Romania reported outbreaks in 2002. In Western Europe, Germany and Luxembourg reported outbreaks of CSF in domestic swine in 2002, and France and Belgium reported outbreaks of CSF in wild boar in 2002.

CSF Albania

How extensive is the disease in Albania, and what was Albania’s disease status prior to the outbreak?

Albania reported three outbreaks of Classical Swine Fever (CSF) in December 2002, with a total of 40 cases. All three outbreaks were in the north-western part of the country (in the general area of the pin on the map). No information on the age of the swine affected or type of operation was available. The last reported CSF outbreak in Albania was in 1996.

Source: OIE Disease Information Report

What is the CSF situation in the region?

A number of other Eastern European countries have experienced recent outbreaks of CSF. Croatia, Romania, Moldavia, and Bulgaria reported outbreaks in 2002. CSF is considered endemic in Bosnia & Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Romania and Yugoslavia. In Western Europe, Germany and Luxembourg reported outbreaks of CSF in domestic swine in 2002, and France and Belgium reported outbreaks of CSF in wild boar in 2002.

Source: OIE Handistatus database and Disease Information Reports

What is Albania’s place in the international market for swine and pork products?

Albania does not maintain significant stocks of swine. In 2001 Albania had 103,000 hogs and 110,000 hogs in 2002. Stocks in 2002 were less than 0.1 percent of total world production. Albania did not export any live swine in 2000 or 2001. Exports of pork or pork products were very small. Both Pig Meat (bone-in) and Pork (boneless) were exported in 2001 but were less than 0.1 percent of the world total in both value and quantity.

Table 1: Exports of live swine and pork products, Albania, 2000 – 2001

Exports

2000

2001

% of World in 2001

Quantity

(# head or mt)

Value

(1000 $)

Quantity

(# head or mt)

Value

(1000 $)

Quantity

(# head or mt)

Value

(1000 $)

Pig Meat

0

0

11

6

<0.1%

<0.1%

Pork

0

0

9

6

<0.1%

<0.1%

Source: United Nations FAO

What are the U.S. imports of swine or pork products from Albania?

The U.S. did not receive any swine or pork products from Albania in 2002. Canada and Mexico also did not receive any swine or pork products from Albania in 2002.

Source: World Trade Atlas

What is the level of passenger traffic arriving in the United States from Albania?

In 2001, no passengers arrived in the U.S. on direct flights from Albania. This does not consider passengers arriving in the U.S. via connecting flights whose travel originated in Albania.

As part of APHIS-PPQ’s agriculture quarantine inspection monitoring, 32 air passengers whose travel originated in Albania were sampled for items of agricultural interest in fiscal year 2001. Of these passengers, none were found to be carrying pork, though 3 kg of unspecified meat were confiscated. The passengers with unspecified meat items reported no plans to visit or work on a ranch or farm while in the U.S.

Source: APHIS-PPQ Agricultural Quarantine Inspection database

CEI’s plans for follow up:

At this time CEI has no plans to provide additional information on this subject. If you need more information or if you want to comment on this worksheet, you may reply to this message, or contact Judy Akkina (970-494-7324) or Jennifer Grannis (970-494-7328).



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