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Dr. Bradley F. Blackwell

   
 
Blackwell

  
Dr. Blackwell's current interest is in understanding and exploiting animal sensory ecology and antipredator behavior relative to human-wildlife conflict situations. He works primarily in the area of aviation safety, but is also interested in applications of sensory ecology and animal behavior within the broader discipline of road ecology.


NWRC Research Project: New Technologies to Deter Wildlife from Airports and Aircraft


Current studies include:

  • Collaboration with NWRC and Mississippi State Univ. colleagues in quantifying wildlife-aircraft collision risk
  • Collaboration with Purdue University colleague to quantify the visual configuration of Canada geese and how these metrics influence response to object approach, such as aircraft.
  • Collaboration with Purdue University colleague to quantify response of birds to obstructive habitat, aircraft approach, and aircraft lighting treatments.
  • Collaboration with NWRC colleagues to quantify the looming response of birds to vehicle approach
  • Response of white-tailed deer to vehicle approach speed.
  • Collaboration with Oklahoma State University, Wildlife Services OK, the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service, and the USAF to quantify bird-strike Risk near Vance AFB.
  • Development of management guidelines to exploit antipredator behavior and foraging success in birds recognized as hazardous to aviation safety and that use airport grasslands


Education

  • Ph.D., University of Maine, Wildlife Ecology
  • M.S., North Carolina State University, Zoology
  • B.S., North Carolina State University, Animal Science
 
Contact
  • Address: Wildlife Services, NWRC Ohio Field Station, 6100 Columbus Avenue, Sandusky, Ohio 44870
  • Telephone: 419.625.0242
  • Fax: 419.625.8465
  • E-mail: Bradley.F.Blackwell@aphis.usda.gov


Publications

DeVault, T. L., B. F. Blackwell, T. W. Seamans, S. L. Lima, and E. Fernández-Juricic.  2014.  Wildlife-vehicle collisions: do birds accurately assess vehicle speed?  PLoSOne 9(4):e87944.  9 pp.

Drey, K.M., J.A. Martin, J.L. Belant, T.L. DeVault, B.F. Blackwell. 2014. Interactions between wildlife and civil aircraft in Mississippi. Southeastern Naturalist 13(1): 156-165.

DeVault, T. L., T. W. Seamans, J. A. Schmidt, J. L. Belant, B. F. Blackwell, N. Mooers, L. A. Tyson, and L. Van Pelt. 2014. "Bird use of Solar Photovoltaic Installations at US Airports: Implications for Aviation Safety." Landscape and Urban Planning 122: 122-128.  

2013

Seamans, T.W., B.F. Blackwell, and T.L. Devault. 2013. Brown-headed cowbird (Molothrus ater) response to pyrotechnics and lethal removal in a controlled setting. Proceedings of the Wildlife Damage Management Conference 15: 56-62.

Blackwell, B. F., T. W. Seamans, P. M. Schmidt, T. L. De Vault, J. L. Belant, M. J. Whittingham, J. A. Martin, and E. Fernández-Juricic. 2013. "A Framework for Managing Airport Grasslands and Birds Amidst Conflicting Priorities." Ibis 155 (1): 189-193.

DeVault, T. L., B. F. Blackwell, and J. L. Belant, Editors.  2013.  Wildlife in Airport Environments:  Preventing Animal-Aircraft Collisions through Science-based Management.  The Wildlife Society and Johns Hopkins University Press. 

DeVault, T. L., M. J. Begier, J. L. Belant, B. F. Blackwell, R. A. Dolbeer, J. A. Martin, T. W. Seamans, and B. E. Washburn. 2013. "Rethinking Airport Land-Cover Paradigms: Agriculture, Grass, and Wildlife Hazards." Human-Wildlife Interactions 7 (1): 10-15.  

Fox, B. J., W. B. Holland, F. L. Boyd, B. F. Blackwell, and J. B. Armstrong. 2013. "Use of Stormwater Impoundments Near Airports by Birds Recognized as Hazardous to Aviation Safety." Landscape and Urban Planning 119: 64-73. 

 2012

Blackwell, B. F., T. L. Devault, T. W. Seamans, S. L. Lima, P. Baumhardt, and E. Fernández-Juricic. 2012. "Exploiting Avian Vision with Aircraft Lighting to Reduce Bird Strikes." Journal of Applied Ecology 49 (4): 758-766. 

Blackwell, B. F., T. W. Seamans, L. A. Tyson, J. L. Belant, and K. C. Vercauteren. 2012. "Exploiting Antipredator Behavior in White-Tailed Deer for Resource Protection." Wildlife Society Bulletin 36 (3): 546-553. . 

DeVault, T. L., J. L. Belant, B. F. Blackwell, J. A. Martin, J. A. Schmidt, L. W. Burger Jr., and J. W. Patterson Jr. 2012. "Airports Offer Unrealized Potential for Alternative Energy Production." Environmental Management 49 (3): 517-522.  

Moore, B. A., P. Baumhardt, M. Doppler, J. Randolet, B. F. Blackwell, T. L. DeVault, E. R. Loew, and E. Fernández-Juricic. 2012. "Oblique Color Vision in an Open-Habitat Bird: Spectral Sensitivity, Photoreceptor Distribution and Behavioral Implications." Journal of Experimental Biology 215 (19): 3442-3452. 

2011

De Vault, T. L., J. L. Belant, B. F. Blackwell, and T. W. Seamans. 2011. "Interspecific Variation in Wildlife Hazards to Aircraft: Implications for Airport Wildlife Management." Wildlife Society Bulletin 35 (4): 394-402. 

Fernández-Juricic, E., B. A. Moore, M. Doppler, J. Freeman, B. F. Blackwell, S. L. Lima, and T. L. Devault. 2011. "Testing the Terrain Hypothesis: Canada Geese See their World Laterally and Obliquely." Brain, Behavior and Evolution 77 (3): 147-158. 

Fernández-Juricic, E., J. Gaffney, B. F. Blackwell, and P. Baumhardt. 2011. "Bird Strikes and Aircraft Fuselage Color: A Correlational Study." Human-Wildlife Interactions 5 (2): 224-234. 

Martin, J. A., J. L. Belant, T. L. Devault, B. F. Blackwell, L. W. Burger Jr., S. K. Riffell, and G. Wang. 2011. "Wildlife Risk to Aviation: A Multi-Scale Issue Requires a Multi-Scale Solution." Human-Wildlife Interactions 5 (2): 198-203. 

Seamans, T.W., and B. F. Blackwell.  2011.  Electric shock strips as bird deterrents:  does experience count?  International J. Pest Management 57:357–362.

Tyson, L. A., B. F. Blackwell, and T. W. Seamans. 2011. "Artificial Nest Cavity used Successfully by Native Species and Avoided by European Starlings." Wilson Journal of Ornithology 123 (4): 827-830. 

2010

Bernhardt, G. E., B. F. Blackwell, T. L. Devault, and L. Kutschbach-Brohl. 2010. "Fatal Injuries to Birds from Collisions with Aircraft Reveal Anti-Predator Behaviours." Ibis 152 (4): 830-834. 

Homan, H. J., A. A. Slowik, B. F. Blackwell, and G. M. Linz. 2010. Field testing Class IIIb handheld lasers to disperse roosting blackbirds. Online: National Sunflower Association Research Forum (http://www. sunflowernsa. com/research/research-workshop/documents/Homan_Lasers_10. pdf). National Sunflower Association, Fargo, North Dakota

Keirn, G., J. Cepek, B. Blackwell, and T. Devault. 2010. On a quest for safer skies. The Wildlife Professional Summer 2010:52-55.

King, D. T., B. F. Blackwell, B. Dorr, and J. Belant. 2010. Effects of Aquaculture on Migration and Movement Patterns of Double-crested Cormorants. Human-Wildlife Interactions 1:77−86.

Seamans, T. W., S. Beckerman, J. Hartmann, J. A. Rader, and B. F. Blackwell. 2010. Reporting difference for colored patagial tags on ring-billed bulls. Journal of Wildlife Management 74:1926-1930.

 



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