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Project Publications

 

Methods Development and Population Biology of Blackbirds and Starlings in Conflict with Agriculture, Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations, and Urban Environments
Research Project

Publications

2014

Werner, S.J., S.A. Shwiff, J.L. Elser, K.N. Kirkpatrick, S.E. Pettit, J.Suckow, R.C. Willging, J.A. Tharman, and J. Heil. 2014. Perceived impacts of wild turkeys and management techniques for Wisconsin ginseng production. Crop Protection 65:221-226.  doi: 10.1016/j.cropro.2014.08.004.

Swirski, A.L., D.L. Pearl, M.L. Williams, H.J. Homan, G.M. Linz, N. Cernicchiaro, and J.T. LeJeune. Spatial epidemiology of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in dairy cattle in relation to night roosts of Sturnus vulgaris (European Starling) in Ohio, USA (2007-2009). Zoonoses and Public Health 61:427-435. doi: 10.1111/zph.12092.

Tupper, S.K., S.J. Werner, J.C. Carlson, S.E. Petit, J.C. Wise, C.A. Lindell, and G.M. Linz. 2014. European starling feeding activity on repellent treated crops and pellets. Crop Protection 63:76-82. doi: 10.1016/j.cropro.2014.05.001.

Linz, G.M., R.S. Sawin, and M.W. Lutman. 2014. The influence of breeding experience on nest success in Red-winged Blackbird. Western North American Naturalist 74(1):123-129. doi: 10.3398/064.074.0113.

Werner, S.J., S.K.Tupper, S.E. Pettit, J.W. Ellis, J.C. Carlson, D.A. Goldade, N.M. Hofmann, H.J. Homan, and G.M. Linz. 2014. Application strategies for an anthraquinone-based repellent to protect oilseed sunflower crops from pest blackbirds. Crop Protection 59: 63-70.

2013

Niner, M., G.M. Linz, H.J. Homan, and M. Clark. 2013. Open field test with Avipel Bird Repellent: Year I. Paper presented at the 35th National Sunflower Association Sunflower Research Workshop, Fargo, North Dakota`.

Linz, G.M. and H.J. Homan. 2013. Demonstration of "Avian Control" bird repellent (a.i., methyl anthranilate) for managing blackbird damage to ripening sunflower. Paper presented at the 35th National Sunflower Association Sunflower Research Workshop, Fargo, North Dakota.

Homan H.J., Stahl R.S., Linz G.M. 2013. Comparison of two models for estimating mortality from baitings with Compound DRC-1339 Concentrate avicide. Crop Protection 45:71-75.

2012

Carlson, J.C., C.K. Ellis, S. K. Tupper, A. B. Franklin, and G.M. Linz. 2012. The effect of European starlings and ambient air temperature on Salmonella enterica contamination within cattle feed bunks. Human-Wildlife Interactions 6(1): 64-71.

Cernicchiaro, N., D. L. Pearl, S. A. McEwen, L. Harpster, H. J. Homan, G. M. Linz, and J. T. Lejeune. 2012. Association of Wild Bird Density and Farm Management Factors with the Prevalence of E. coli O157 in Dairy Herds in Ohio (2007-2009). Zoonoses Public Health 59:320-329.

Homan, H. J., J. R. Thiele, G. W. Unrein, S. M. Gaukler, A. A. Slowik, L. B. Penry, and G. M. Linz. Band Encounters of Wintering European Starlings Captured in Kansas, Nebraska, and Texas.S. N. Frey (Ed.), Proceedings of the 14th Wildlife Damage Management Conference: 124-128.

Huyvaert, K. P., J. S. Carlson, K. T. Bentler, K. R. Cobble, D. L. Nolte, and A. B. Franklin. 2012. Freshwater clams as bioconcentrators of avian influenza virus in water. Vector Borne Zoonotic Diseases 12:904-906.

Klosterman, M. E., G. M. Linz, A. A. Slowik, and W. J. Bleier. Assessment of Bird Damage to Sunflower and Corn in North Dakota. .S. N. Frey (Ed.), Proceedings of the 14th Wildlife Damage Management Conference: : 119-123.

Linz, G. M., and H. J. Homan. Preliminary evaluation of 9,10 anthraquinone bird repellent for managing blackbird damage to ripening sunflower. 34th National Sunflower Association Sunflower Research Workshop. 5p.

Linz, G. M., H. J. Homan, S. J. Werner, J. C. Carlson, and W. J. Bleier. Sunflower Growers Use Nonlethal Methods to Manage Blackbird Damage. S. N. Frey (Ed.), Proceedings of the 14th Wildlife Damage Management Conference: 114-118.

Linz G.M., Winter J.B., Bleier W.J. 2012. Evaluation of elevated bait trays for attracting blackbirds (Icteridae) in central North Dakota. Crop Protection 41:30-34.

Shwiff, S. A., J. C. Carlson, J. H. Glass, J. Suckow, M. S. Lowney, K. M. Moxcey, B. Larson, and G. M. Linz. 2012. Producer survey of bird-livestock interactions in commercial dairies. Journal of Dairy Science 95:6820-6829.

Thiele, J. R., G. M. Linz, H. J. Homan, and G. W. Unrein. Developing an Effective Management Plan for Starlings Roosting in Downtown Omaha, Nebraska. S. N. Frey (Ed.), Proceedings of the 14th Wildlife Damage Management Conference: 87-90.

Werner, S. J., S. K. Tupper, J. C. Carlson, S. E. Pettit, J. W. Ellis, and G. M. Linz. 2012. The role of a generalized ultraviolet cue for blackbird food selection. Physiology and Behavior 106:597-601.

2011

11-CARLSON, J. C., L. CLARK, M. F. ANTOLIN, AND M. D. SALMAN. 2011. Rock pigeon use of livestock facilities in northern Colorado: implications for improving farm bio-security. Human-Wildlife Interactions 5:112-122.

11-CARLSON, J. C., R. M. ENGEMAN, D. R. HYATT, R. L. GILLILAND, T. J. DELIBERTO, L. CLARK, M. J. BODENCHUK, AND G. M. LINZ. 2011. Efficacy of European starling control to reduce Salmonella enterica contamination in a concentrated animal feeding operation in the Texas panhandle. BMC Veterinary Research 7:9 Online http://www.biomedcentral.com/1746-6148/7/9.
 

11-CARLSON, J. C., A. B. FRANKLIN, D. R. HYATT, S. E. PETTIT, AND G. M. LINZ. 2011. The role of starlings in the spread of Salmonella within concentrated animal feeding operations. Journal of Applied Ecology 48:479-486.

11-CARLSON, J. C., G. M. LINZ, L. R. BALLWEBER, S. A. ELMORE, S. E. PETTIT, AND A. B. FRANKLIN. 2011. The role of European starlings in the spread of coccidia within concentrated animal feeding operations. Veterinary Parasitology 180:340-343.

11-CUMMINGS, J. L., R. W. BYRD, W. R. EDDLEMAN, R. M. ENGEMAN, AND S. K. TUPPER. 2011. Effectiveness of AV-1011® to reduce damage to drill-planted rice from blackbirds. Journal of Wildlife Management 5:353-356. 142K

11-EISEMANN, J. D., S. J. WERNER, AND J. R. O'HARE. 2011. Registration considerations for chemical bird repellents in fruit crops. Outlooks on Pest Management 22:87-91. 742K

11-FORCEY, G. M., W. E. THOGMARTIN, G. M. LINZ, W. J. BLEIEER, AND P. C. MCKANN. 2011. Land use and climate influences on waterbirds in the prairie potholes. Journal of Biogeography 38:1694-1707.

11-HOMAN, H. J., R. S. STAHL, AND G. M. LINZ. 2011. Comparing a bioenergetics model with feeding rates of caged European starlings. Journal of Wildlife Management 75:126-131. 109K

11-KLOSTERMAN, M., G. M. LINZ, T. SLOWIK, AND W. BLEIER. 2011. Assessment of bird damage to sunflower and corn in North Dakota. National Sunflower Association Sunflower Research Forum http://www.sunflowernsa.com/uploads/research/575/klosterman_11.pdf. 990K

11-LINZ, G. M., AND H. J. HOMAN. 2011. Use of glyphosate for managing invasive cattail ( Typha spp.) to disperse blackbird (Icteridae) roosts. Crop Protection 30:98-104.

11-LINZ, G. M., H. J. HOMAN, S. J. WERNER, H. M. HAGY, AND W. J. BLEIER. 2011. Assessment of bird-management strategies to protect sunflowers. BioScience 61:960-970.

11-LINZ, G. M., T. L. PUGH, AND H. J. HOMAN. 2011. Overview of glyphosate research for managing invasive cattail to disperse blackbird roosts. National Sunflower Association Sunflower Research Forum http://www.sunflowernsa.com/uploads/research/570/linz_glysophate_11.pdf. 649K

11-LINZ, G. M., R. S. SAWIN, M. W. LUTMAN, AND W. J. BLEIER. 2011. Modeling parental provisioning by red-winged blackbirds in North Dakota. Prairie Naturalist 43:92-99.

11-STRASSBURG, M., G. M. LINZ, AND W. BLEIER. 2011. Evaluation of Christmas Bird Counts and landscape factors as indicators of local blackbird and European starling winter roosts. National Sunflower Association Sunflower Research Forum http://www.sunflowernsa.com/uploads/research/573/strassburg_christmasbird_11.pdf. 49K

11-TUPPER, S. K., J. L. CUMMINGS, W. F. ANDELT, S. J. WERNER, AND R. E. HARNESS. 2011. Evaluation of Sonic Dissuader® to reduce damage by pileated woodpeckers. Wildlife Society Bulletin 35:40-44. 97K

11-WERNER, S. J., G. M. LINZ, J. C. CARLSON, S. E. PETTIT, S. K. TUPPER, AND M. M. SANTER. 2011. Anthraquinone-based bird repellent for sunflower crops. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 129:162-169. 331K

11- WERNER, S. J., AND F. D. PROVENZA. 2010. Reconciling sensory cues and varied consequences of avian repellents. Physiology & Behavior 102:158-163. 345K

11-WERNER, S. J., S. K. TUPPER, S. E. PETTIT, J. C. CARLSON, AND G. M. LINZ. 2011. Anthraquinone repellent to reduce take of non-target birds from zinc phosphide rodenticide applications. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 135:146-153

2010

10-HAGY, H. M., G. M. LINZ, AND W. J. BLEIER. 2010. Wildlife conservation sunflower plots and croplands as fall habitat for migratory birds. American Midland Naturalist 164:119-135. 228K

10-HOMAN, H. J., G. M. LINZ, S. BECKERMAN, A. G. DUFFINEY, AND T. D. HALSTEAD. 2010. European starling preferences for bait substrates used in DRC-1339 applications. Human-Wildlife Interactions 4:25-31.

10-HOMAN, H. J., G. M. LINZ, S. BECKERMAN, A. G. DUFFINEY, AND T. D. HALSTEAD. 2010. European starling preferences for bait substrates used in DRC-1339 applications. Human-Wildlife Interactions 4:25-31. 385K

10-HOMAN, H. J., A. A. SLOWIK, B. F. BLACKWELL, AND G. M. LINZ. 2010. Field testing Class IIIb handheld lasers to disperse roosting blackbirds. Online: National Sunflower Association Research Forum (http://www. sunflowernsa. com/research/research-workshop/documents/Homan_Lasers_10. pdf). National Sunflower Association, Fargo, North Dakota

10-HOMAN, H. J., A. A. SLOWIK, L. B. PENRY, G. M. LINZ, M. J. BODENCHUK, AND R. L. GILLILAND. 2010. Site use of European starlings captured and radio-tagged at Texas feedlots during winter. Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 24:250-256. 588K

10-KLOSTERMAN, M., G. M. LINZ, A. A. SLOWIK, AND W. BLEIER. 2010. Assessment of bird damage to sunflower and corn in North Dakota. Online: National Sunflower Association Research Forum (http://www. sunflowernsa. com). 1,156K

10-LINZ, G. M., A. A. SLOWIK, H. J. HOMAN, AND R. W. BYRD. 2010. Evaluation of large, mobile, decoy traps for managing blackbird damage to ripening sunflower. Online: National Sunflower Association Research Forum (http://www. sunflowernsa. com/research/research-workshop/documents/Linz_DecoyTraps_10. pdf). National Sunflower Association, Fargo, North Dakota.

10-SLOWIK, A. A., G. M. LINZ, AND H. J. HOMAN. 2010. Assessment of woven wire for reducing predation on red-winged blackbird nests. Online: National Sunflower Association Research Forum (http://www. sunflowernsa. com/research/research-workshop/documents/Slowik_WovenWire_10. pdf). National Sunflower Association, Fargo, North Dakota.

10-STRASSBURG, M., G. M. LINZ, AND W. BLEIER. 2010. Evaluation of Christmas Bird Counts and landscape factors as indicators of local blackbird and European starling winter roosts. Online: National Sunflower Association Research Forum (http://www. sunflowernsa. com). 641K

10-TUPPER, S. K., W. F. ANDELT, J. L. CUMMINGS, C. WEISNER, AND R. E. HARNESS. 2010. Polyurea elastomer protects utility pole crossarms from damage by pileated woodpeckers. Journal of Wildlife Management 74:605-608. 145K

10-WERNER, S. J., G. M. LINZ, S. K. TUPPER, AND J. C. CARLSON. 2010. Laboratory efficacy of chemical repellents for reducing blackbird damage in rice and sunflower crops. Journal of Wildlife Management 74:1400-1404. 1,386K
 

2009

09-BYRD, R. W., J. L. CUMMINGS, S. K. TUPPER, AND J. D. EISEMANN. 2009. Evaluation of sodium lauryl sulfate as a blackbird wetting agent. Proceedings of the Wildlife Damage Management Conference 13:191-196. 63K

09-GALLE, A. M., G. M. LINZ, H. J. HOMAN, AND W. J. BLEIER. 2009. Avian use of harvested crop fields in North Dakota during spring migration. Western North American Naturalist 69:491-500. 205K

09-GAUKLER, S. M., G. M. LINZ, J. S. SHERWOOD, N. W. DYER, W. J. BLEIER, Y. M. WANNEMUEHLER, L. K. NOLAN, AND C. M. LOGUE. 2009. Escherichia coli, Salmonella, and Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in wild European starlings at a Kansas feedlot. Avian Diseases 53:544-551. 258K

09-KANDEL, H., B. JOHNSON, C. DEPLAZES, G. LINZ, AND M. SANTER. 2009. Sunflower treated with Avipel (anthraquinone) bird repellent. 31st National Sunflower Association Sunflower Research Forum http://www.sunflowernsa.com.

09-LINZ, G. M., A. A. SLOWIK, L. B. PENRY, AND H. J. HOMAN. 2009. Bird damage to corn and sunflower in North Dakota. 31st National Sunflower Association Sunflower Research Forum. (http://www.sunflowernsa.com/research/research-workshop/documents/Linz_etal_BirdDamage_09.pdf). 131K

09-LUPOLD, S., G. M. LINZ, AND T. R. BIRKHEAD. 2009. Sperm design and variation in the New World blackbirds (Icteridae). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology-899. 276K

09-LUPOLD, S., G. M. LINZ, J. W. RIVERS, D. F. WESTNEAT, AND T. R. BIRKHEAD. 2009. Sperm competition selects beyond relative testes size in birds. Evolution 63:391-402. 210K

09- TUPPER, S. K., J. L. CUMMINGS, AND R. M. ENGEMAN. 2009. Longevity of DayGlo fluorescent particle marker used to mark birds in flight pen and field. Wildlife Research 36:323. 266K

09-WERNER, S. J., J. C. CARLSON, S. K. TUPPER, M. M. SANTER, AND G. M. LINZ. 2009. Threshold concentrations of an anthraquinone-based repellent for Canada geese, red-winged blackbirds, and ring-necked pheasants. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 121:190-196.

09-WERNER, S. J., S. K. TUPPER, G. M. LINZ, AND H. J. HOMAN. 2009. Evaluation and development of blackbird repellents for agricultural applications. 31st National Sunflower Association Sunflower Research Forum. (http://www.sunflowernsa.com/research/research-workshop/documents/Werner_etal_Blackbird_Repel_09.pdf). 29K

09-WINTER, J. B., G. M. LINZ, AND W. J. BLEIER. 2009. Avian use of rice-baited trays attached to cages with live decoy blackbirds in central North Dakota: research update. 31st National Sunflower Association Sunflower Research Forum http://www.sunflowernsa.com.

2008

08-CUMMINGS, J. L., L. W. HANDLEY, B. MACBRYDE, S. K. TUPPER, AND S. J. WERNER. 2009. Dispersal of viable row-crop seeds of commercial agriculture by farmland birds: implications for genetically modified crops. Environmental Biosafety Research 7:241-252. 160K

08-FORCEY, G. M., G. M. LINZ, W. E. THOGMARTIN, AND W. J. BLEIER. 2008. Modeling wetland blackbird populations as a function of waterfowl abundance in the Prairie Pothole Region of the United States and Canada. Environmental Bioindicators 3:124-135. 1,707K

08-GAUKLER, S. M., H. J. HOMAN, N. W. DYER, G. M. LINZ, AND W. J. BLEIER. 2008. Pathogenic diseases and movements of wintering European starlings using feedlots in central Kansas. Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 23:280-282. 515K

08-HAGY, H. M., G. M. LINZ, AND W. J. BLEIER. 2008. Optimizing the use of decoy plots for blackbird control in commercial sunflower. Crop Protection 27:1442-1447. 152K

08-HOMAN, H. J., G. M. LINZ, G. W. UNREIN, J. R. THIELE, AND J. M. HOBBS. 2008. Movements of European starlings captured at a winter roost in Omaha, Nebraska. Proceedings of the North American Prairie Conference 20:79-82. 2,161K

08-LEJEUNE, J., H. J. HOMAN, G. M. LINZ, AND D. L. PEARL. 2008. Role of the European starling in the transmission of E. coli 0157 on dairy farms. Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 23:31-34. 467K

08-LINZ, G. M., H. J. HOMAN, H. M. HAGY, J. M. RAETZMAN, L. B. PENRY, AND W. J. BLEIER. 2008. A grower's guide for planting wildlife conservation sunflower plots. 30th National Sunflower Association Sunflower Research Forum online www.sunflowernsa.com/research/research-workshop/documents/Linz_GrowersGuide_08.pdf. 522K

08-MONTPLAISIR, L. M., G. M. LINZ, D. TOMANEK, L. B. PENRY, D. L. BERGMAN, AND H. J. HOMAN. 2008. Movements of house sparrows captured at an experimental grain station in Fargo, North Dakota. Proceedings of the North American Prairie Conference 20:69-71. 1,719K

08-MOULTON, L. L., G. M. LINZ, AND W. J. BLEIER. 2008. Breeding red-winged blackbird response to conspecific models placed in pre-copulatory position: implications for reproductive control. 30th National Sunflower Association Sunflower Research Forum online: www.sunflowernsa.com/research/research-workshop/documents/Moulton_RWBL_Control_08.pdf. 650K

08-MOULTON, LAUREL L., GEORGE M. LINZ, AND WILLIAM J. BLEIER. 2008. Breeding red-winged blackbird response to conspecific models placed in pre-copulatory position: implications for reproductive control. Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 23:125-127. 372K

08-PETERSEN, M. L., G. M. LINZ, G. FORCEY, W. THOGMARTIN, AND W. J. BLEIER. 2008. Evaluation of stop-level vs. route-level breeding bird survey counts for modeling the influence of land use and climate on breeding blackbird abundance in North Dakota. Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 23:122-124. 597K

08-PETERSEN, M. L., G. M. LINZ, G. FORCEY, W. THOGMARTIN, AND W. J. BLEIER. 2008. Evaluation of stop-level vs. route-level Breeding Bird Survey counts for modeling the influence of land use and climate on breeding blackbird abundance in North Dakota. 30th National Sunflower Association Sunflower Research Forum online www.sunflowernsa.com/research/research-workshop/documents/Petersen_BreedingBirdSurvey_08.pdf. 542K

08-SAFRATOWICH, B., G. M. LINZ, W. J. BLEIER, AND H. J. HOMAN. 2008. Avian use of rural roadsides with cattail ( Typha spp.). American Midland Naturalist 159:162-171. 120K

8-120 SCHAAF, D. A., G. M. LINZ, C. DOETKOTT, M. W. LUTMAN, AND W. J. BLEIER. 2008. Non-blackbird avian occurrence and abundance in North Dakota sunflower fields. Prairie Naturalist 40:73-86 860K

08-STAHL, R. S., S. J. WERNER, J. L. CUMMINGS, AND J. J. JOHNSTON. 2008. Computer simulations of baiting efficacy for raven management using DRC-1339 egg baits. Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 23:94-97. 165K

08-STAHL, R. S., J. J. JOHNSTON, AND G. M. LINZ. 2008. Estimating the efficacy of DRC-1339-treated rice bait in blackbird staging areas in North Dakota ujsing a bioenergetics simulation. 30th National Sunflower Association Sunflower Research Forum online www.sunflowernsa.com/research/research-workshop/documents/Stahl_DRC1339_08.pdf. 200K

08-WERNER, S. J., J. L. CUMMINGS, P. A. PIPAS, S. K. TUPPER, AND R. W. BYRD. 2008. Registered pesticides and citrus terpenes as blackbird repellents for rice. Journal of Wildlife Management 72:1863-1868. 194K

08-WERNER, S. J., J. L. CUMMINGS, S. K. TUPPER, D. A. GOLDADE, AND D. BEIGHLEY. 2008. Blackbird repellency of selected registered pesticides. Journal of Wildlife Management 72:1007-1011. 241K

08 WERNER, S. J., B. A. KIMBALL, AND F. D. PROVENZA. 2008. Food color, flavor, and conditioned avoidance among red-winged blackbirds. Physiology & Behavior 93:110-117. 268K

08-WINTER, J. B., G. M. LINZ, AND W. J. BLEIER. 2008. Avian use of rice-baited trays attached to cages with live decoy blackbirds in central North Dakota. 30th National Sunflower Association Sunflower Research Forum online www.sunflowernsa.com/research/research-workshop/documents/Winter_RiceTrays_08.pdf. 868K

08-WINTER, J. B., G. M. LINZ, H. J. HOMAN, AND W. J. BLEIER. 2008. Avian use of rice-baited trays attached to cages with live decoy blackbirds in central North Dakota. Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 23:118-121. 488K

2007

07-LINZ, G. M., J. HANZEL. 2007. Birds. Pages 85-88 in D.R.Berglund ,editor. Sunflower production. North Dakota State University Extension Service, Fargo, North Dakota. 605K

07-FORCEY, G. M., G. M. LINZ, W. E. THOGMARTIN, AND W. J. BLEIER. 2007. Influence of land use and climate on wetland breeding birds in the Prairie Pothole region of Canada. Canadian Journal of Zoology 85:421-436. 1,013K

07-HAGY, H. M., G. M. LINZ, AND W. J. BLEIER. 2007. Are sunflower fields for the birds? Proceedings of the Wildlife Damage Management Conference 12:61-71. 55K

07-JOHNSTON, J. J., R. S. STAHL, H. J. HOMAN, G. M. LINZ, AND W. C. PITT. 2007. Probabilistic bioenergetic/toxicity modeling approach for estimating toxicant induced mortality to target invasive species and non-target wildlife. Pages 393-397 in G. W. Witmer, W. C. Pitt, and K. A. Fagerstone, editors. Managing invasive vertebrate species: proceedings of an international symposium. USDA/APHIS/National Wildlife Research Center, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA. 79K

07-LINZ, G. M., J. HANZEL. 2007. Birds. Pages 85-88 in D.R.Berglund ,editor. Sunflower production. North Dakota State University Extension Service, Fargo, North Dakota. 605K

07-LINZ, G. M., H. J. HOMAN, S. M. GAUKLER, L. B. PENRY, AND W. J. BLEIER. 2007. European starlings: a review of an invasive specdies with far-reaching impactsd. Pages 378-386 in G. W. Witmer, W. C. Pitt, and K. A. Fagerstone, editors. Managing invasive vertebrate species: proceedings of an international symposium. USDA/APHIS/National Wildlife Research Center, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA. 65K

07-LINZ, G. M., H. J. HOMAN, L. B. PENRY, T. M. PRIMUS, AND M. J. GOODALL. 2007. Evaluation of caffeine and garlic oil as bird repellents. National Sunflower Association Sunflower Research Forum (www. sunflowernsa. com/research/research-workshop). 31K

07-LINZ, G. M., J. M. RAETZMAN, H. M. HAGY, H. J. HOMAN, AND W. J. BLEIER. 2007. Blackbird use of wildlife conservation sunflower plots. National Sunflower Association Sunflower Research Forum (www. sunflowernsa. com/research/research-workshop). 14K

07-LINZ, G. M., J. M. RAETZMAN, H. M. HAGY, H. J. HOMAN, AND W. J. BLEIER. 2007. Blackbird use of wildlife conservation sunflower plots. Proceedings of the Wildlife Damage Management Conference 12:56-60d. 95K

07-RALSTON, S. T., G. M. LINZ, W. J. BLEIER, AND H. J. HOMAN. 2007. Cattail distribution and abundance in North Dakota. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 45:21-24. 439K

2006

06-BUSH, R. M., M. E. CLARK, W. L. REED, AND G. M. LINZ. 2006. Red-winged blackbird ( Agelaius phoeniceus) reproduction in North Dakota. Sunflower Research Forum Papers http://www.sunflowernsa.com/research/research-workshop/documents/Bush_BlackbirdReprod_06.pdf. 171K

06-FORCEY, G. M., G. M. LINZ, W. E. THODMARTIN, AND W. J. BLEIER. 2006. Modeling blackbird abundance in the Prairie Pothole Region using a hierarchical spatial model. Sunflower Research Forum Papers http://www.sunflowernsa.com/ research/research-workshop/documents/Forcey_BlackbirdModel_B_06.PDF. 206K

06-HAGY, H. M., J. RAETZMAN, G. M. LINZ, AND W. BLIER. 2006. Efficacy of sunflower decoy plots for blackbird control and supplemental stopover habitat. Sunflower Forum Research Papers. http://www.sunflowernsa.com/ research/research-workshop/documents/Hagy_Decoy_06.pdf. 307K

06-HOMAN, H. J., R. S. SAWIN, G. M. LINZ, AND W. J. BLEIER. 2006. Habitat characteristics of spring blackbird roosts in east-central South Dakota. Prairie Naturalist 38:183-192. 538K

06-LINZ, G. M., H. J. HOMAN, A. A. SLOWIK, AND L. B. PENRY. 2006. Comparison of Lorsban -4E and caffeine aerially sprayed on sunflower plots for bird repellency. Sunflower Research Forum Papers http://www.sunflowernsa.com/research/research-workshop/documents/Linz_Lorsban_06.pdf. 75K

06-LINZ, G. M., H. J. HOMAN, A. A. SLOWIK, AND L. B. PENRY. 2006. Evaluation of registered pesticides as repellents for reducing blackbird (Icteridae) damage to sunflower. Crop Protection 25:842-847. 230K

2005

05-BUSH, R. M., M. E. CLARK, W. L. REED, AND G. M. LINZ. 2005. Maternal yolk steroids: a potential compensatory mechanism for red-winged blackbirds (Agelaius phoeniceus) in North Dakota. Sunflower Research Forum Papers 2005. National Sunflower Association, http://www.sunflowernsa.com/research/research-workshop/documents/Bush_etal_Maternal_05.PDF. 78K

05-HAGY, H., G. M. LINZ, AND W. J. BLEIER. 2005. Avian use of commercial sunflower and grain crops compared to USDA wildlife conservation sunflower plots in North Dakota. Sunflower Research Forum Papers 2005. National Sunflower Association, http://www.sunflowernsa.com/research/research-workshop/ documents/Hagy_etal_PAPER_05.pdf. 59K

05-HOMAN, H. J., G. M. LINZ, R. M. ENGEMAN, AND L. B. PENRY. 2005. Spring dispersal patterns of red-winged blackbirds, Agelaius phoeniceus, staging in eastern South Dakota. Canadian Field-Naturalist 118:201-209. 702K

05-LINZ, G. M., A. A. SLOWIK, L. B. PENRY, AND H. J. HOMAN. 2005. Evaluation of Lorsban -4E aerially sprayed on sunflower plots for bird repellency. Sunflower Research Forum Papers 2005. National Sunflower Association, http://www.sunflowernsa.com/research/research-workshop/documents/ Linz_Lorsban_05.pdf. 65K

05-RAETZMAN, J. M., G. M. LINZ, AND W. J. BLEIER. 2005. Blackbird use and damage of wildlief conservation sunflower plots. Sunflower Research Forum Papers 2005. National Sunflower Association, http://www.sunflowernsa.com/ research/research-workshop/documents/Raetzman_Blackbird_05.PDF. 67K

2004

04-CLARK, W. H., G. M. LINZ, AND W. J. BLEIER. 2004. Effects of aerial lines on red-winged blackbird nesting success. Proceedings of the International Sunflower Conference 16:393-398. 427K

04-FORCEY, G. M., G. M. LINZ, AND W. J. BLEIER. 2004. Influence of land use patterns on blackbird abundance in the Prairie Pothole Region of North Dakota. Proceedings of the International Sunflower Conference 16:399-403. 448K

04-GALLE, A. M., G. M. LINZ, AND W. J. BLEIER. 2004. Avian use of harvested crop fields during spring migration through North Dakota. Proceedings of the International Sunflower Conference 16:405-409. 447K

04- GOLDBERG, DIANA R., MICHAEL D. SAMUEL, TONIE E. ROCKE, KEVIN M. JOHNSON, AND GEORGE LINZ. 2004. Could blackbird mortality from avicides DRC-1339 contribute to avian botulism outbreaks in North Dakota? Wildlife Society Bulletin 32:870-880. 3,548K

04-112 HOMAN, H. J., G. M. LINZ, R. M. ENGEMAN, AND L. B. PENRY. 2004. Spring dispersal patterns of red-winged blackbirds, Agelaius phoeniceus, staging in eastern South Dakota. Canadian Field-Naturalist 118:201-209

04-HOMAN, H. J., L. B. PENRY, AND G. M. LINZ. 2004. Linear modeling of blackbird populations breeding in central North America. National Sunflower Association Research Forum, Fargo, North Dakota. National Sunflower Association, http://www.sunflowernsa.com/research/research-workshop/documents/133.pdf. 543K

04-LINZ, G. M., A. A. SLOWIK, L. B. PENRY, AND H. J. HOMAN. 2004. Evaluation of registered sunflower insecticides as candidate blackbird repellents. National Sunflower Association Research Forum, Fargo, North Dakota. National Sunflower Association, http://www.sunflowernsa.com/research/research-workshop/documents/134.PDF. 64K

04-LINZ, G. M., H. J. HOMAN, R. L. WIMBERLY, P. MASTRANGELO, AND W. J. BLEIER. 2004. Management of cattail ( Typha spp.) stands with glyphosate to disperse blackbirds. Proceedings of the International Sunflower Conference 16:411-416. 582K

04- LINZ, G. M., G. A. KNUTSEN, H. J. HOMAN, AND W. J. BLEIER. 2004. Attractiveness of brown rice baits to non-target birds in harvested corn and soybean fields. Pest Management Science 60:1143-1148. 495K

04-LINZ, G. M., D. A. SCHAAF, P. MASTRANGELO, H. J. HOMAN, L. B. PENRY, AND W. J. BLEIER. 2004. Wildlife conservation sunflower plots as a dual-purpose wildlife management strategy. Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 21:291-294. 296K

04-RALSTON, S. T., G. M. LINZ, AND W. J. BLEIER. 2004. Quantification of cattail ( Typha spp.) in the Prairie Pothole Region of North Dakota in relation to blackbird damage to sunflower. Proceedings of the International Sunflower Conference 16:417-422. 545K

04-SAFRATOWICH, B. D., G. M. LINZ, AND W. J. BLEIER. 2004. Avian use of roadside habitat in the Southern Drift Plains of North Dakota. Proceedings of the International Sunflower Conference 16:423-427. 434K

04-STAHL, R. S., H. J. HOMAN, G. M. LINZ, AND J. J. JOHNSTON. 2004. Using fatty acid profiles to assess dietary intake of sunflower in red-winged blackbirds. Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 21:87-91. 335K

04-WIMBERLY, R. L., T. A. SLOWIK, H. J. HOMAN, AND L. V. PENRY. 2004. Using geographic information system (GIS) software to predict blackbird roosting locations in North Dakota. Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 21:83-86. 301K

2003

03-BLACKWELL, B. F., E. HUSZAR, G. M. LINZ, AND R. A. DOLBEER. 2003. Lethal control of red-winged blackbirds to manage damage to sunflower: an economic evaluation. Journal of Wildlife Management 67(4):818-828. 589K

03-CUSTER, T. W., C. M. CUSTER, P. M. DUMMER, G. M. LINZ, L. SILEO, R. S. STAHL, AND J. J. JOHNSTON. 2003. Nontarget bird exposure to DRC-1339 during fall in North Dakota and spring in South Dakota. Pages 64-70 in George M. Linz, editor. Management of North American Blackbirds. National Wildlife Research Center, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA. 202K

03-EISEMANN, J. D., P. A. PIPAS, AND J. L. CUMMINGS. 2003. Acute and chronic toxicity of compound DRC-1339 (3-chloro-4-methylaniline hydrochloride) to birds. Pages 49-63 in George M. Linz, editor. Management of North American Blackbirds. National Wildlife Research Center, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA. 201K

03-HOMAN, H. J., G. M. LINZ, R. C. CARLSON, AND W. J. BLEIER. 2003. Spring distribution of ring-necked pheasants (Phasianus colchicus) following cattail reduction with glyphosate herbicide. Wildlife Research 30:159-166. 514K

03-HOMAN, H. J., L. B. PENRY, AND G. M. LINZ. 2003. Using color-infrared photography and GIS to quantify cattail coverage in wetlands. Proceedings of the 25th Annual Sunflower Research Workshop (Jan 16-17, 2003, Fargo, North Dakota). Large file with color photographs 2,179K

03-LINZ, G. M., H. J. HOMAN, L. B. PENRY, AND P. MASTRANGELO. 2003. Reducing blackbird-human conflicts in agriculture and feedlots: new methods for an integrated management approach. Pages 21-24 in George M. Linz, editor. Management of North American Blackbirds. National Wildlife Research Center, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA. 71K

03-LINZ, G. M., G. A. KNUTSEN, H. J. HOMAN, AND W. J. BLEIER. 2003. Baiting blackbirds (Icteridae) in stubble grain fields during spring migration in South Dakota. Crop Protection 22:261-264. 206K

2002

HOMAN, H. J., G. M. LINZ, R. M. ENGEMAN, AND L. B. PENRY. 2002. Spring dispersal patterns of red-winged blackbirds staging in east-central South Dakota. Proceedings of the Sunflower Research Workshop 24:155-158.

LINZ, G. M., A. E. BARRAS, R. S. SAWIN, W. J. BLEIER, H. J. HOMAN, D. L. BERGMAN, AND L. B. PENRY. 2002. Baiting blackbirds during spring migration in South Dakota. Proceedings of the Sunflower Research Workshop 24:143-147.

LINZ, G. M., A. E. BARRAS, R. A. SAWIN, H. J. HOMAN, D. L. BERGMAN, AND W. J. BLEIER. 2002. Spring migration phenology and habitat use of red-winged blackbirds in eastern South Dakota. Proceedings: Vertebrate Pest Conference 20:97-102.

LINZ, G., M. J. KENYON, H. J. HOMAN, AND W. J. BLEIER. 2002. Avian use of rice-baited corn stubble in east-central South Dakota. International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation 49:179-184.

LINZ, G. M., B. D. PEER, H. J. HOMAN, R. L. WIMBERLY, D. L. BERGMAN, AND W. J. BLEIER. 2002. Has an integrated pest management approach reduced blackbird damage to sunflower? Pages 132-137 in Larry Clark, Jim Hone, John A Shivik, Richard A. Watkins, Kurt C. VerCauteren, and Jonathan K. Yoder, editors. Human Conflicts with Wildlife: Economic Considerations. Proceedings of the 3rd NWRC Special Symposium. National Wildlife Research Center, Fort Collins, CO.

SAFRATOWICH, B. D., G. M. LINZ, W. J. BLEIER, AND C. J. LEE. 2002. Avian use of roadside habitat and implications for cattail management. Proceedings of the Sunflower Research Workshop 24:135-138.

SAWIN, R. S., G. M. LINZ, AND W. J. BLEIER. 2002. Improving blackbird population control with targeted baiting programs: biological considerations. Proceedings of the Sunflower Research Workshop 24:148-150.

TWEDT, D. J., AND G. M. LINZ. 2002. Morphometric changes in yellow-headed blackbirds during summer in central North Dakota. Western North American Naturalist 62(1):39-43.

TWEDT, D. J., G. M. LINZ, AND W. J. BLEIER. 2002. Inability to predict geographic origin of Yellow-headed blackbirds, Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus, during migration. Canadian Field-Naturalist 115:549-554.

WIMBERLY, R. L., G. M. LINZ, W. J. BLEIER, AND H. J. HOMAN. 2002. Landscape effects on breeding blackbird abundance and sunflower damage in the southern drift plains of North Dakota. Proceedings of the Sunflower Research Workshop 24:152-154.

2001

01-10 EISEMANN, J. D., G. M. LINZ, and J. J. JOHNSTON. 2001. Non-target hazard assessment of using DRC-1339 avicide to manage blackbirds in sunflower. Pages 197-211 in John J. Johnston, Pesticides and wildlife. American Chemical Society Symposium Series 771. American Chemical Society, Washington, D. C., USA. 1,234K

01-27 HOMAN, H. J., G. M. INZ, and B. D. PEER. 2001. Dogs increase recovery of passerine carcasses in dense vegetation. Wildlife Society Bulletin 29(1):292-296. 237K

01-28 HOMAN, H. J., G. M. LINZ, R. L. WIMBERLY, AND L. B. PENRY. 2001. Progress on cattail management to reduce blackbird damage to sunflower. Pages 144-146 in Proceedings of the 23rd Sunflower Research Workshop. (January 17-18, 2001, Fargo, ND). National Sunflower Association, Bismarck, ND. 811K

01-43 KOSTECKE, R. M., G. M. LINZ, AND W. J. BLEIER. 2001. Survival of avian carcasses and photographic evidence of predators and scavengers. Journal of Field Ornithology 72(3):439-447. 347K

01-44 LINZ, G. M., H. J. HOMAN, AND R. L. WIMBERLY. 2001. Avian use of various mixtures offered in harvested cornfields during spring migration in South Dakota. Pages 345-358 in John J. Johnston, Pesticides and wildlife. American Chemical Society Symposium Series 771. American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C., USA. 292K

01-45 LINZ, G. M., B. D. PEER, H. J. HOMAN, R. L. WIMBERLY, D. L. BERGMAN, W. J. BLEIER, AND L. B. PENRY. 2001. Has an integrated pest management approach reduced blackbird damage to sunflower? Pages 170 in Proceedings of the 23rd Sunflower Research Workshop. (January 17-18, 2001, Fargo, ND). National Sunflower Association, Bismarck, North Dakota, USA. 50K

01-46 LUTMAN, M., G. M. LINZ, AND W. J. BLEIER. 2001. Habitat characteristics around fall blackbird roosts. Pages 171-173 in Proceedings of the 23rd Sunflower Research Workshop. (January 17-18, 2001, Fargo, ND). National Sunflower Association, Bismarck, North Dakota, USA. 88K

01-58 PEER, B. D., H. J. HOMAN, G. M. LINZ, AND W. J. BLEIER. 2001. Impact of blackbird damage to sunflower: bioenergetic and economic models. Pages 169 in Proceedings of the 23rd Sunflower Research Workshop. (January 17-18, 2001, Fargo, ND). National Sunflower Association, Bismarck, North Dakota, USA. 36K

01-59 PEER, B. D., H. J. HOMAN, AND S. G. SEALY. 2001. Infrequent cowbird parasitism on common grackles revisited: New records from the Northern Great Plains. Wilson Bulletin 113(1):90-93. 179K

01-69 SAWIN, R. S., G. M. LINZ, AND W. J. BLEIER. 2001. Local removal of red-winged blackbirds: potential for blackbird managment. Pages 174-176 in Proceedings of the 23rd Sunflower Research Workshop. (January 17-18, 2001, Fargo, ND). National Sunflower Association, Bismarck, North Dakota. 601K

01-72 SCHAAF, D., G. M. LINZ, W. J. BLEIER, AND H. J. HOMAN. 2001. Avian use of ripening sunflower fields. Pages 177-178 in Proceedings of the 23rd Sunflower Research Workshop. (January 17-18, 2001, Fargo, ND). National Sunflower Association, Bismarck, North Dakota, USA. 50K

2000

00-26 HOMAN, H. J., G. M. LINZ, ANDW. J. BLEIER. 2000. Winter habitat use and survival of female ring-necked pheasants ( Phasianus colchicus) in southeastern North Dakota. American Midland Naturalist 143(2):463-480. 569K

00-27 HOMAN, H. J., G. M. LINZ, R. L. WIMBERLY, AND B. D. PEER. 2000. Cattail management: developing, implementing and refining a nonlethal method to reduce sunflower damage by blackbirds. Pages 183-185 in Proceedings of the 22nd Sunflower Research Workshop. (January 18-19, 2000, Fargo, North Dakota). 101K

00-39 LINZ, G. M., D. A. SCHAAF, R. L. WIMBERLY, H. J. HOMAN, T. L. PUGH, B. D. PEER, P.MASTRANGELO, AND W. J. BLEIER. 2000. Efficacy and potential nontarget impacts of DRC-1339 avicide use in ripening sunflower fields: 1999 progress report. Pages 162-169 in Proceedings of the 22nd Sunflower Research Workshop. (January 18-19, 2000, Fargo, North Dakota). 442K

00-40 LUTMAN, M., G. M. LINZ, AND W. J. BLEIER. 2000. Characteristics of fall blackbird roosts in the sunflower-growing region of North Dakota. Pages 170-172 in Proceedings of the 22nd Sunflower Research Workshop. (January 18-19, 2000, Fargo, North Dakota). 153K

00-56 PEER, B. D., H. J. HOMAN, G. M. LINZ, AND W. J. BLEIER. 2000. Effects of cowbird parasitism on blackbird population dynamics and resulting sunflower damage. Pages 188-189 in Proceedings of the 22nd Sunflower Research Workshop. (January 18-19, 2000, Fargo, North Dakota). 70K

00-57 PEER, B. D., G. M. LINZ, H. J. HOMAN, AND W. J. BLEIER. 2000. Population dynamics of blackbirds responsible for depredation of the Northern Great Plains sunflower crop. Pages 186-187 in Proceedings of the 22nd Sunflower Research Workshop. (January 18-19, 2000, Fargo, North Dakota). 154K

00-67 SAWIN, R. S., G. M. LINZ, AND W. J. BLEIER. 2000. Locating spring blackbird roosts in the Northern Great Plains: using GIS to expand blackbird management. Pages 173-175 in Proceedings of the 22nd Sunflower Research Workshop. (January 18-19, 2000, Fargo, North Dakota). 185K


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Bismarck, ND, Field Station



 

 

 



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