International Standards Setting: The Role of APHIS’ Plant Protection and Quarantine
As the National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO) of the United States, Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ) program actively participates in the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) and the North American Plant Protection Organization (NAPPO) international and regional forums for the development of plant health standards. As a full participant and leader in the international standards setting arena, PPQ ensures U.S. interests are represented, provides experts to develop standards, assists in the development of work plans and priorities, and promotes technically sound approaches to harmonize phytosanitary measures with international standards.
PPQ and the IPPC
Established in 1952, the IPPC is an international plant health agreement that aims to prevent the introduction and spread of plant pests and promote appropriate measures for their control. Currently, 181 countries participate in the IPPC. Together, member countries develop international plant health standards, harmonize phytosanitary activities through emerging standards, exchange official and scientific information, and furnish technical assistance to developing member countries.
The Convention is implemented by national plant protection organizations (NPPO) working in cooperation with regional plant protection organizations (RPPOs), the Commission on Phytosanitary Measures (CPM, the governing body of the IPPC), and the IPPC Secretariat. PPQ is the NPPO of the United States.
U.S. experts participate in the Standards Committee, expert working groups and technical panels and review all draft standards. Documents and positions developed by PPQ have been sources of significant input for many adopted standards.
For more information about PPQ’s role in the IPPC, please contact Lottie Erikson, Acting IPPC Technical Director at IPPC.TechnicalDirector@aphis.usda.gov.
PPQ and NAPPO
Created in 1976, NAPPO is the RPPO for North America. Its members include the United States, Canada, and Mexico. NAPPO members coordinate efforts to protect plant resources against the entry, establishment, and spread of harmful plant pests, while facilitating regional trade into and between member countries.
NAPPO members conduct business through panels and annual meetings. The NAPPO Executive Committee manages the NAPPO work program and is responsible for developing NAPPO positions, policies, and standards. NAPPO panels and technical advisory groups include representatives from each member country who have scientific expertise related to the policy or standard being considered. Proposals drawn up by the individual panels are circulated for review to government and industry officials in Canada, Mexico, and the United States. In the United States, draft standards are shared with industry, States, and various Government agencies for consideration and comment. Revisions are compiled and sent to the NAPPO working group and the NAPPO standards panel for technical review and then to the Executive Committee for final approval, which is granted by consensus.
For more information about NAPPO, please contact Stephanie Dubon, Acting NAPPO Technical Director, at NAPPO.TechnicalDirector@aphis.usda.gov.
Harmonization Advisory Group for International Standards
In 2012, PPQ formed the Harmonization Advisory Group (HAG) to coordinate, analyze, and carry out PPQ’s international and regional harmonization initiatives.
To advance U.S. harmonization objectives, the HAG provides the PPQ Deputy Administrator with reports, analyses, positions, strategies, and recommendations regarding IPPC and NAPPO standard-setting initiatives and activities. The HAG:
For more information about the Harmonization Advisory Group, please contact Stephanie Dubon, Deputy Technical Director of International Phytosanitary Standards at firstname.lastname@example.org.