The staff of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) at the United States Embassy in Beijing, in conjunction with our colleagues at the Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) Beijing office, represent the interests of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) in the People's Republic of China.
Growing agricultural trade between the United States and China has created a vital role for APHIS ensuring that new trade opportunities are realized and that existing trade between the two economies flows smoothly. The APHIS Beijing office maintains technical working relationships with our Chinese counterparts to resolve Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) issues whenever they arise. This relationship contributes to maintaining the success of agricultural trade-related commercial activities between the two economies, helping ensure they thrive.
In addition, our office maintains direct contact with industry trade groups, importers and exporters in order to assist and facilitate resolution of trade-related issues as they occur at Chinese ports of entry.
Finally, as a principle role of APHIS is to make sure the United States and our trading partners adhere to the SPS rules set forth by the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as the other relevant international standards-setting organizations, APHIS' role will continue to increase as the United States and China continue to expand their current trade relationships and establish new partnerships into the foreseeable future.
The Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service is a multifaceted Agency with a broad mission area that includes protecting and promoting U.S. agricultural health, regulating genetically engineered organisms, administering the Animal Welfare Act and carrying out wildlife damage management activities. These efforts support the overall mission of USDA, which is to protect and promote food, agriculture, natural resources and related issues.
Lou Vanechanos, Regional Manager
Countries of Responsibility: Asia-Pacific Region; Area Office - China, Hong Kong, Macau & Mongolia
APHIS-IS facilitated the opening of the Chinese Market for U.S. Pears. This event was the culmination of many years of negotiation between Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) officials and the Chinese authorities. It is projected that China will become one of the top five export destinations for USA pears within the next two seasons, becoming a market worth tens of millions of dollars in U.S. agricultural exports every year, and generating hundreds of new jobs in the Pacific Northwest.
WASHINGTON, August 21, 2014—The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) is announcing a proposal to allow the importation of commercial consignments of five species of citrus fruit from China into the continental United States—Citrus grandis (L.) Osbeck cv. Guanximiyou (pomelo); Citrus kinokuni Hort. ex Tanaka (mandarin orange); Citrus poonensis Hort. ex Tanaka (ponkan); Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck (sweet orange); and, Citrus unshiu Marcov. (Satsuma mandarin).
APHIS conducted a pest risk assessment (PRA) in response to the national plant protection organization (NPPO) of China requesting imports of fresh citrus fruit into the continental United States.
Based on the PRA, APHIS identified 22 quarantine pests. Among them were eight species of Bactrocera fruit flies that may enter the United States through the importation of packed citrus fruit from China. As a condition of entry, the citrus fruit would have to be produced using a systems approach that is based on the quarantine pests identified in the PRA and the risk management document that provided the risk mitigation measures.
Under a systems approach, APHIS would require that the NPPO of China submit a work plan, approved by the agency, detailing the activities that they will follow to meet the requirements defined in the systems approach. APHIS would also require places of production to treat fruit and trap for several species of Bactrocera fruit flies. In addition, shipments would need to be accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate issued by the NPPO of China that declares that the requirements of the proposed regulations have been met, and shipments have been inspected and found free of quarantine pests.
This action is necessary as part of a mutual trade agreement with China, and will provide market access in the United States for citrus fruits from China under conditions that will prevent the introduction of plant pests and diseases.
APHIS engaged producers and industry partners throughout the development of this proposed rule, and have considered their feedback for the development of the rule. APHIS will publish the proposed rule in the Federal register, and solicit public comments for 60 days.