On October 22, APHIS finalized agreement with Ukraine on certificates for the export of U.S. breeding cattle and breeding swine to Ukraine. These successes resulted from technical discussions APHIS held with Ukrainian veterinary officials in late September 2013 in Kiev, with key support provided by FAS Kiev. Although negotiations have been in progress since 2007, Ukraine has recently signaled it wants closer relations with the West after putting trade and economic integration efforts with Russia on a slower track. This helped to create good conditions for APHIS to engage Ukraine at the technical level on key trade issues important to U.S. exporters. The potential value of future exports of our breeding cattle and breeding swine to Ukraine is up to $25 million and $10 million, respectively. APHIS has been very successful in recent years in opening markets in the former Soviet Union for U.S. exporters of live animals and genetics. Russia became the largest foreign market for U.S. cattle in 2012, with $262 million worth of trade. U.S. exporters also send live swine to Russia, live cattle to Kazakhstan, and bovine semen to Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, and eight other countries that were formerly part of the Soviet Union.