Special Foreign Inspection and Certification - Pelargonium
Pelargonium spp., commonly referred to as geraniums, are prohibited from entry into the United States unless meeting the requirements in 7CFR 319.37-5(r). Seeds are not subject to the requirement. Pelargonium plants are admissible from APHIS inspected and certified facilities in Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Kenya, Ethiopia, and Germany. Shipments from approved countries must be accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate with an additional clarification (AD) stating, "These articles have been produced in accordance with the requirements in 7CFR 319.37-5(r)(3)." To become an authorized Pelargonium facility, the national plant protection organization of the exporting country must enter into a bilateral agreement with APHIS. The agreement is a workplan establishing minimum requirements for mitigating the risk of Ralstonia solanacerum race 3 biovar 2. The facilities are subject to APHIS inspection and certification. A listing of facilities authorized to export Pelargonium cuttings into the U.S. is available by clicking on the link below.
U.S. Nursery Certification Program (USNCP)
The USNCP is a pilot phytosanitary certification program for United States nurseries that ship nursery stock to Canada. The USNCP uses a Phytosanitary Management System (PSMS) to minimize pest risks so that plants consistently meet Canadian import requirements. The program offers an alternative to traditional phytosanitary certification for shipments to Canada.
Trade of Greenhouse-grown plants between Canada and the United States
The United States has an agreement with Canada to facilitate trade in greenhouse-grown plants between the two countries. This agreement, known as the U.S.-Canada Greenhouse Certification Program (GCP), has been in place since 1996. The current agreement and requirements for shipping greenhouse-grown plants from the United States to Canada are provided below.
APHIS and the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) are revising the GCP to reflect current trade in greenhouse grown plants and to improve oversight to minimize phytosanitary risk associated with movement of plants under this program. APHIS is requesting comments on the revised program. A link to the consultation documents and information on how to provide comments is provided below.