Federal Employee Appointment Definitions

Federal Employee Appointment Definitions

 

Federal Employee Appointment Definitions:
Career-Conditional, Competitive service




Competitive service consists of all civil service positions in the executive branch of the Federal government with some exceptions. The exceptions are defined in section 2102 of title 5, United States Code (5 U.S.C. 2102).

To determine if your Federal employment was or is within the competitive service, refer to your SF-50, “Notification of Personnel Action”, in the section “Position Data”, block number 34 (“Position Occupied”). The competitive service is denoted by a “1” in that block.

Career-Conditional status as a federal employee is a permanent appointment in the competitive service. Normally this is the first career-type of appointment and appointees must complete a 1-year probationary period and a total of 3 years continuous creditable service to attain a career appointment.

If you are or were a Federal employee, refer to your SF-50 “Notification of Personnel Action”, in the section “Employee Data”, block number 24 (“Tenure”) to determine your tenure group. (If you have a “2” in that block and a “1” in block 34 you are/were a career-conditional employee, if there is a “1” in that block and a “1” in block you are/were a career employee.)

 

Permanent-Career, Competitive service




Competitive service consists of all civil service positions in the executive branch of the Federal government with some exceptions. The exceptions are defined in Section 2102 of title 5, United States Code (5 U.S.C. 2102).

To determine if your Federal employment was or is within the competitive service, look at your SF-50, “Notification of Personnel Action”, in the section “Position Data”, block number 34 (“Position Occupied”). The competitive service is denoted by a “1” in that block.

Permanent - Career status as a federal employee is achieved by fulfilling 3 years of substantially continuous service as a career-conditional employee in the competitive service.

If you are or were a Federal employee, refer to your SF-50, “Notification of Personnel Action”, in the section “Employee Data”, block number 24 (“Tenure”) to determine your tenure group. (If you have a “1” in that block and a “1” in block 34 you are a permanent - career employee, if there is a “2” in block 24 and a “1” in block 34 you are a career-conditional employee.)

 

Excepted Service




Appointments, to the Excepted Service , are civil service appointments within the Federal government that do not confer competitive status. There are a number of ways to be appointed to the excepted service such as appointed under an authority defined by Office of Personnel Management (OPM) as excepted (e.g. Veterans Recruitment Appointment (VRA)) or being appointed to a position defined by OPM as excepted (e.g. Attorneys). More information can be found about the excepted service in section 2103 of title 5, United States Code (5 U.S.C. 2103) and parts 213 and 302 of title 5 of the Code of Federal Regulations.

To determine if your Federal employment was or is within the excepted service, refer to your SF-50, “Notification of Personnel Action”, in the section “Position Data”, block number 34 (“Position Occupied”). The excepted service is denoted by a “2” in that block.
 

Temporary Appointment
(Time limited not to exceed 1 year but could be less)

 

Federal civil service Temporary appointments are defined as appointments expected to last for a specified period not to exceed 1 year.

To determine if your Federal employment is or was a temporary appointment, refer to your SF-50B, “Notification of Personnel Action”, in the section “Employee data”, block number 24 (“Tenure”). Temporary appointments are denoted by a “0” in that block.

 

Term Appointment(Time limited more than one year but not more than 4 years)




Federal civil service Term appointments are defined as appointments expected to last for a specified period of time that is at least more than 1 year but not to exceed 4 years.

To determine if your Federal employment is or was a temporary appointment, refer to your SF-50, “Notification of Personnel Action”, in the section “Employee data”, block number 24 (“Tenure”). Term appointments are denoted by a “3” in that block.

 

Student Educational Employment Program

 

The Student Educational Employment Program combines all student hiring authorities into two components and two appointing authorities. It has two major programs:

1. The Student Career Experience Program, and
2. The Student Temporary Employment Program.

For more information on the programs see the definitions below or for more detailed information you may follow this link:

http://www.usda.gov/da/employ/intern.htm

 

Student Career Experience Program (SCEP)




SCEP is a program in which current students are hired in a position related to their degree area which will give them experience while in school and provides for non-competitive appointment to a permanent position when they graduate. This is the Federal government's form of an internship program.

 

Student Temporary Employment Program (STEP)

 

STEP is a program in which current students are appointed on a temporary basis to jobs that may or may not be related to the student's academic field. The intent is to provide maximum flexibility and opportunity to agencies and students that will meet varying needs on a short-term basis. These appointments are temporary appointments that could last up to a year and are renewable. This type of appointment does not lead to permanent employment.

 



Additional Information