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Import Alert: Revised HPAI restrictions for avian commodities originating from or transiting the primary control zone in British Columbia, Canada

Issuance Date: December 10, 2014

Effective immediately, and until further notice, the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) Veterinary Services (VS) is placing temporary prohibitions on the importation of poultry, commercial birds,  other types of birds (research, performing), ratites, any avian hatching eggs, unprocessed avian products and by-products, and certain fresh poultry products from a primary control zone in the province of British Columbia, Canada. This Alert replaces a previous Alert dated December 4, 2014 that placed restrictions on the entire province of British Columbia. Any of these commodities originating from or transiting through the primary control zone of British Columbia are prohibited entry to the United States, due to the diagnosis of highly pathogenic avian influenza in commercial poultry. These restrictions may be updated as additional epidemiological information is obtained.

In 2007 a highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) agreement was established between USDA and CFIA in the event that either country experiences an outbreak of HPAI.  Upon confirmation of HPAI in domestic poultry each country agrees to establish an immediate quarantine zone and ban the export of birds and poultry as well as unprocessed bird and poultry products from the quarantine zone.  

Effective immediately, as part of this agreement, CFIA has notified USDA that it has established a “Primary Control Zone within British Columbia and is not certifying for export any live poultry, day old chicks or hatching eggs, unprocessed avian products or by-products that originated within the Primary control zone. A map outlining this zone is available here. This zone is defined as an area in the province of British Columbia bounded by the following:

  • On the west, the Pacific Ocean
  • On the south, the United States Border
  • On the north, Highway 16
  • On the east, the border between the province of British Columbia and the province of Alberta

Unprocessed avian meat, products and by-products originating from or transiting through the primary control zone within the province of British Columbia are not permitted to enter the United States unless accompanied by a USDA Import Permit.   This also includes composted manure, hunter harvested meat, and meat in passenger baggage whether shipped to the United States or accompanying returning hunters. Exceptions are unfinished trophies that are consigned to USDA approved establishments (VS permits are no longer required).

Processed avian meat , products and by-products originating from or transiting through the primary control zone within the province of British Columbia and imported as cargo, must be accompanied by an APHIS import permit and/or Canadian government (CFIA) certification.

Processed avian meat, products and by-products for personal use originating from or transiting through the primary control zone within province of  British Columbia, Canada entering in passenger baggage not having a thoroughly cooked appearance, or not shelf-stable as a result of APHIS approved packaging and cooking (i.e. packaged in hermetically sealed containers and cooked by a commercial method after such packing to produce articles that are shelf stable without refrigeration),  must also be accompanied by a APHIS import permit and/or CFIA certification confirming that the products/by-products were treated according to APHIS requirements.

As per the HPAI agreement, vehicles will be cleaned and disinfected prior to leaving any poultry premise within the control zone.

Canadian pet birds, (including U.S. origin returning birds) originating from locations other than the primary control zone of British Columbia, Canada, can enter the United States from Canada through a land border port only with a valid APHIS issued import permit and port inspection.  In addition to an APHIS import permit, pet birds originating from or transiting the primary control zone in British Columbia will also be required to have a CFIA endorsed health certificate and must undergo a 30-day quarantine.

For any other questions, please contact a local Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ), Veterinary Regulatory Support (VRS) Agriculture Quarantine Inspection (AQI), Veterinary Medical Officer (VMO), or PPQ VRS headquarters staff in Riverdale, Maryland at (301) 851-2295.



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