If you have any questions or concerns regarding these regulations for exporting animals or animal products to a foreign country, you should contact the APHIS-VS Area Office in the State from which the animals or products will be exported.
Canada - Summary of Requirements
Canada's Automated Import Reference System is located at internet address: http://www.inspection.gc.ca/english/imp/airse.shtml
SPECIES - MOST RECENT UPDATE
Effective April 1st, 2014, Canada is removing import requirements that relate to anaplasmosis. The changes come into effect April 1, 2014. It is very important that the new revised health certificates not be presented at the border for import into Canada prior to April 1, 2014 or the shipment will be refused, as the anaplasmosis requirements are still required up until that time.
When a negative test for anaplasmosis is required for the import of US ruminants into Canada, the cELISA test, using the VMRD, Inc. Anaplasma Antibody Kit, carried out in a US federal laboratory or a USDA-approved laboratory is accepted as an approved test. Confirmatory testing in Canada is done using the cELISA only. Additional information on anaplasmosis testing.
Note: CFIA does not recognize the gamma interferon test as valid replacement of the comparative cervical test. Until further notice, if an animal responds to a CFT in a group of cattle for export to Canada, then that responder may only be tested with a CCT, and must be cleared by CCT, before the other animals are eligible for export to Canada.
Sheep and Goats
Effective April 1st, 2014, Canada is removing import requirements that relate to anaplasmosis. The changes come into effect April 1, 2014
When a negative test for anaplasmosis is required for the import of US ruminants into Canada, the cELISA test, using the VMRD, Inc. Anaplasma Antibody Kit, carried out in a US federal laboratory or a USDA-approved laboratory is accepted as an approved test. Confirmatory testing in Canada is done using the cELISA only.
- Update - Canada's New Aquatic Animal Import Regulations - December 2012 (pdf 42kb)
- "CFIA regulated species and the diseases they are susceptible to."
- Aquatic Animals and Germ plasm Intended for Culture - Health Certificate (fillable) - December 2012 (pdf 71kb)
- Aquatic Animals and Germplasm Instructions for above Health Certificate - December 2012 (pdf 347kb)
- Live Finfish Intended for Bait and Feed - Health Certificate (fillable) - December 2012 (pdf 41kb)
- Live Aquatic Animals and Germplasm Intended for Research and Education - Health Certificate (fillable) - November 2012 (pdf 262kb)
- Live Ornamental Aquatic Animals Intended for Commercial Aquarium use in CLOSED Premises in Canada - Health Certificate(fillable) - November 2012 (pdf 36kb)
- Live Ornamental Aquatic Animals Instructions for above Health Certificate - December 2012 (pdf 31kb)
- Live Aquatic Animals Intended for display in an ZOO or Aquarium- June 2013 (pdf 188)
Live Finfish for Stocking and Enhancement - May 2014 (pdf 48 kb)
Note: revised health certificates (April 2014) for live and dead aquatic animals intended for food service, retail use and further processing can be used immediately. Both the revised and old certificates (March 2013) and manufacture/producers declaration will be accepted through June 20, 2014. After this date all exports should be accompanied by the revised health certificates.
- Revised Health Certificate for Aquatic Animals intended for Food Service or Retail Use - April 2014 (pdf 65 KB)
- Revised Health Certificate for Aquatic Animals intended for Further Processing, April 2014 (pdf 95 KB)
- Instructions for Revised Health Certificate for Aquatic Animals intended for Food Service, Retail Use or Further Processing, - April 2014 (pdf 56 kb)
- Live Aquatic Animal Intended for Food Service or Retail use Health Certificate- March 2013 (pdf 72kb)
- Aquatic Animals Intended for Food Service or Retail Use instructions for above Health Certificate - March 2013 (pdf 30kb)
Live and/or Dead Aquatic Animals Intended for Further Processing - Health Certificate - March 2013 (pdf 66kb)
Annex 1 - Diagnostic Methods for Exports to Canada - December 2012 (pdf 17kb)
Annex 2 - Sample Collection - December 2012 (pdf 51kb)
- Honeybees - (Protocol for Hawaii) - April 2011 (pdf 17kb)
- Honeybees - (Health Certificate for Hawaii) - April 2011 (pdf 32kb)
- Honeybees - (Protocol for Cont. US) - February 2011 (pdf 15kb)
- Honeybees - (Health Certificate for Cont. US) - February 2011 (pdf 41kb)
Effective January 1, 2012, all shipments of feeder and slaughter horses entering Canada from the United States by ground transportation will be required to proceed through designated ports of entry. Shipments will only be accepted during the CFIA's regular hours of operation. The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) is implementing the new measures to verify that horses are being humanely transported in accordance with the Health of Animals Regulations.
Designated Border Ports of Entry for Feeder and Slaughter Horses Entering Canada from the United States can be found at: http://inspection.gc.ca/english/anima/trans/20111031inde.shtml
Effective January 31, 2010, Canada published (in their web site) new requirements and information for equine owners for equines intended to slaughter.
Due to contagious equine metritis (CEM) detection in the United States (US), an additional certification FOR LIVE HORSES (including Canadian horses returning to Canada but excluding horses for immediate slaughter) will be required on all U.S. export health certificates issued after January 19, 2009 and for Canadian horses exported to the U.S. after January 19, 2009 and returning on a Canadian health certificate.
The new certification statements are reflected in point 4 and 5 of the protocol. Please note that at the present moment, the import permit for the US origin horses is not required.
IN ADDITION PLEASE ALSO NOTE:
For Canadian horses returning to Canada on a Canadian health certificate, a supplemental certification document with the above mentioned requirements will be provided by the CFIA endorsing office when advised of intended return. The supplemental certification will need to be attached to the Canadian health certificate after completion and endorsed by USDA before return of the horse(s) to Canada. Canadian horses returning to Canada exported to the United States for exhibition or pleasure purposes require an Owner's Declaration included in the supplemental certification. The Owner's Declaration does not need to be endorsed by USDA.
Note: An Equine Certification Document signed by a Veterinarian accredited in the USA must accompany live equine imported from the USA for slaughter. Click here for the Equine Certification Document
May 30, 2014. Effective immediately, due to outbreak of VS in Texas, Canada is prohibiting the import of all horses from the State of Texas. Canadian horses returning to Canada are allowed to return with additional certifications included on the new protocols posted below.
- Horses - (protocol) - May 2014 (pdf 43kb)
- Horses - immediate slaughter (protocol) - May 2014 (pdf 80kb)
- Equine semen - Fillable health certificate - February 2009 (pdf 87kb)
- Equine embryos - January 2009 (pdf 15kb)
Canada is now implementing the following requirements for brucellosis in swine:
Brucellosis test requirements: Fluorescence Polarization Assay (FPA) or other test approved by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency for this purpose. The tests are performed in a laboratory that is approved to perform the test by the official veterinary service of the country of export. The results of the brucellosis test (including the type of test performed) are shown on the required health certificate for the animal to be imported.
A grace period until June 8th, 2011 is granted: export certificates issued during this period certifying new or old conditions are acceptable. ALL CERTIFICATES ISSUED AFTER JUNE 8TH, 2011 MUST CERTIFY THE NEW IMPORT CONDITIONS.
- Swine (Protocol) - July 2013 (pdf 36kb)
- Swine (semen) (Protocol) - December 2011 (pdf 22kb)
- Swine (Slaughter Protocol) - August 2007 (pdf 13kb)
Poultry and other Avian Species
- Birds - (includes parrot family and song birds) (Protocol) - November 2011 (pdf 17kb)
- Poultry and Hatching Eggs - (includes chickens, turkeys, game and exhibition fowl, pigeons, and their hatching eggs) (Protocol) - August 1992 (pdf 51kb)
- Foxes, Skunks, Raccoons, and Ferrets (Protocol) - April 1986 (pdf 3kb)
As of July 15, 2010, Canada is lifting its restrictions on entry of all rabbits (including pet rabbits) from the State of Minnesota. Rabbits from the United States are now authorized to enter Canada.
- Cats - (Protocol) - June 1986 (pdf 3kb)
- Dogs - (Protocol) - May 2003 (pdf 15kb)
- Prairie Dogs - (Protocol) - April 2011 (pdf 13kb)
More information about pets can be found on Canadian Food Inspection Agency web site.
- Camelids - Health Certificate - June 2012 (pdf 51kb)
For species not listed, the requirements are not known. However, exporters wanting to ship livestock or germplasm whose requirements are not listed in the IREGS, should have the interested party (importer/buyer) in the country of destination apply for an Import Permit at the appropriate ministry. This Import Permit will most likely outline the specific requirements.