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Rabbit Hemorrhagic Disease_ Uruguay_ 1_5_2005

Rabbit Hemorrhagic Disease (RHD), Uruguay

January 5, 2005

Impact Worksheet

Summary: The Ministry of Animal Production, Agriculture and Fisheries, Montevideo, Uruguay reported on December 28 outbreaks of rabbit hemorrhagic disease (RHD) among backyard domestic rabbits in suburban areas of the city of Montevideo, and in adjacent areas in the departments of Canelones and San Jose. Total number of animals affected was 4,689 on 45 premises, with 2,820 deaths. Control measures include culling of sick rabbits, disinfection of affected premises, vector control, and a ban on rabbit movement. This is the first report of RHD in Uruguay and in South America.

Uruguay produced and exported small amounts of rabbit meat in 2002 and 2003, accounting for less than 0.1% of world production and about 1% of world exports. Uruguay did not export any live rabbits or rabbit skins in 2002 or 2003.

The US did not import any live rabbits or rabbit products from Uruguay in 2003 or through October 2004. Neither Mexico nor Canada imported any live rabbits or rabbit products from Uruguay in 2003 or through September 2004.

How extensive is RHD in Uruguay , and what was Uruguay ’s disease status prior to the outbreak?

The Ministry of Animal Production, Agriculture and Fisheries, Montevideo, Uruguay reported on December 28 outbreaks of RHD among backyard domestic rabbits in suburban areas of the city of Montevideo, and in adjacent areas in the departments of Canelones and San Jose (see map). Clinical signs included sudden death, depression, nervous signs, and bleeding from the mouth and nostrils. Diagnostic tests included post-mortem and histopathological examination. Total number of animals affected was 4,689 on 45 premises, with 2,820 deaths. Control measures included culling of the remaining sick rabbits (1,869), disinfection of premises and equipment, spraying of insecticide, control of rodents and birds, burning and burying of dead rabbits, feedstuff, skins and feces, and recommendations to prevent gatherings of rabbit producers and related persons. Vaccine will be imported and applied in at-risk areas; however, not in commercial rabbit farms unless necessary. In addition, there is a ban on the movement of rabbits to other establishments and slaughterhouses and exports of rabbits and by-products were suspended.

This is the first report of RHD in Uruguay and in South America. The only countries in the Americas to have reported outbreaks of RHD in the past are Mexico , Cuba , and the US .

Source: OIE Disease Information Report; OIE Handistatus II

What is Uruguay ’s place in the international market for rabbits and rabbit products?

Uruguay produced 390 metric tons (Mt) of rabbit meat in both 2002 and 2003, accounting for less than 0.1 % of world production. In 2002, Uruguay exported 312 Mt of rabbit meat valued at $1,093,000, accounting for 0.8 % of world exports. In 2003 rabbit meat exports dropped to 185 Mt with a value of $680,000. Uruguay did not export any live rabbits or rabbit skins in 2002 or 2003. Information on rabbit stocks in Uruguay was not available.

Source: United Nations FAO

What are the US imports of rabbits or rabbit products from Uruguay ?

The US did not import any live rabbits or rabbit products from Uruguay in 2003 or through October 2004. Neither Mexico nor Canada imported any live rabbits or rabbit products from Uruguay in 2003 or through September 2004.

Source: World Trade Atlas; VS Import Tracking System

What is the level of passenger traffic arriving in the United States from Uruguay ?

A total of 47,316 residents of Uruguay arrived on flights to the US during 2003. As part of APHIS-PPQ’s agriculture quarantine inspection monitoring, 122 air passengers from Uruguay were sampled for items of agricultural interest in fiscal year 2003. None of these passengers were found to be carrying rabbit products.

Source: Office of Travel & Tourism Industries, US Department of Commerce, USDA APHIS-PPQ Agricultural Quarantine Inspection databases, Bureau of Transportation Statistics.

CEI’s plans for follow up: CEI will continue to monitor the situation but has no plans at this time to issue additional reports. If you need more information or if you want to comment on this worksheet, you may reply to this message, or contact Judy Akkina (970) 494-7324 or Chris Kopral (970) 494-7325.



Additional Information