1997... HPAI H5N1 virus is found in Hong Kong. Federal wildlife
experts and public health officials begin to monitor its spread.
1998... USDA and the University of Alaska test over
12,000 wild migratory birds from Alaska, Pacific Rim, Central and South
American countries; plus 4,000 wild migratory birds in the Atlantic
Flyway. All birds test negative for HPAI H5N1.
2005... HPAI H5N1 begins to spread rapidly in wild
birds overseas, prompting the Department of the Interior (DOI) and USDA
to increase wild bird monitoring and testing programs.
August 2005... The President releases National
Strategy for Pandemic Influenza, including emphasis on preparedness
for human and avian influenza pandemics.
March 2006... Release of the Wild Bird Strategic
Monitoring Plan, a collaborative effort between USDA, DOI and National
Migratory Bird Flyway Councils and a number of states.
April 1- August 1, 2006... USDA samples and tests
1,805 wild birds in Alaska as part of the National Interagency Strategic
Plan. All samples test negative for HPAI H5N1.
April 1- July 28, 2006... DOI tests 6,017 samples
of both live wild birds and hunter-killed birds. All samples test negative
for HPAI H5N1.
July 21, 2006... USDA completes cooperative agreements
in 48 states and is on its way to finalizing the agreements in 2 states.
Currently... NWDP continues ever-expanding
surveillance of wild bird populations in collaboration with state, federal,
private and international partners, but has not yet detected
HPAI H5N1 in the United States.
*Adapted from An Early Detection System for H5N1 Highly Pathogenic
Avian Influenza in Wild Migratory Birds -- US Interagency Strategic
Plan," USDA Press Office, August 2006.