Animal and Plant
Health Inspection Service

4700 River Road
Riverdale, MD 20737
Voice 301-851-4100
Web: http://www.aphis.usda.gov
News Release

USDA Begins 2015 Oral Rabies Vaccine Efforts in Eastern United States

Contact:
Pamela Boehland (301) 851-4093
Lyndsay Cole (970) 494-7410

WASHINGTON, Aug. 7, 2015— To prevent the further spread of raccoon rabies into America’s heartland, the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service’s (APHIS) Wildlife Services program will begin its 2015 distribution of oral rabies vaccine (ORV) baits in select areas in the eastern United States.

Wildlife Services (WS) and their cooperators will begin distributing the ORV baits by aircraft and by vehicle beginning on or about August 10. ORV baits are distributed across rural areas by airplane and in suburban or urban areas by helicopter or vehicle.  The baits will be distributed in the following select areas and time periods.

In Massachusetts during September and early October:

In Southern States, between late September and mid October:  

The WS National Rabies Management Program was established in recognition of the changing scope of rabies in which the primary human risk is now due to exposure from wildlife rather than domestic pets. The goal of the program is to prevent the further spread of wildlife rabies and eventually eliminate terrestrial rabies in the United States through an integrated program that includes vaccinating wildlife against the disease.

RABORAL V-RG® oral rabies vaccine baits are coated with a fishmeal attractant and may be packaged in one-inch square cubes or two-inch plastic sachets. For photos of the vaccination baits, visit https://www.flickr.com/photos/usdagov/sets/72157623983143606/.

The RABORAL V-RG® vaccine has been shown to be safe in more than 60 different species of animals, including domestic dogs and cats. Humans and pets cannot get rabies from contact with the baits, but are asked to leave them undisturbed if they encounter them. Dogs that consume large numbers of baits may experience an upset stomach, but no long-term health risks. If contact with baits occurs, immediately rinse the contact area with warm water and soap.

Rabies is caused by a virus that infects the central nervous system in mammals. Signs suggestive of rabies include unusual, aggressive or calm and “friendly” behavior, an inability to eat or drink, balance problems, circling, seizures, coma and finally death. While rabies is fatal once symptoms occur, human exposures can be successfully treated if post-exposure follow up is sought immediately following a bite.

Since 1997, WS National Rabies Management Program has been working cooperatively with local, state and federal governments, universities and other partners to address this public health problem by distributing oral rabies vaccination baits in targeted areas. This cooperative program targets the raccoon variant in the eastern United States, and unique variants of rabies in coyotes and foxes in Texas.  

For additional information on the raccoon oral rabies vaccine program, please visit www.aphis.usda.gov/wildlife-damage/rabies or call 1-866-4-USDA-WS (1-866-487-3297).


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