COUNCIL ON ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY
Sec. 201 [42 USC § 4341]. The President shall transmit to the Congress
annually beginning July 1, 1970, an Environmental Quality Report (hereinafter
referred to as the "report") which shall set forth (1) the status and
condition of the major natural, manmade, or altered environmental classes
of the Nation, including, but not limited to, the air, the aquatic, including
marine, estuarine, and fresh water, and the terrestrial environment,
including, but not limited to, the forest, dryland, wetland, range, urban,
suburban an rural environment; (2) current and foreseeable trends in
the quality, management and utilization of such environments and the
effects of those trends on the social, economic, and other requirements
of the Nation; (3) the adequacy of available natural resources for fulfilling
human and economic requirements of the Nation in the light of expected
population pressures; (4) a review of the programs and activities (including
regulatory activities) of the Federal Government, the State and local
governments, and nongovernmental entities or individuals with particular
reference to their effect on the environment and on the conservation,
development and utilization of natural resources; and (5) a program for
remedying the deficiencies of existing programs and activities, together
with recommendations for legislation.
Sec. 202 [42 USC § 4342]. There is created in the Executive Office
of the President a Council on Environmental Quality (hereinafter referred
to as the "Council"). The Council shall be composed of three members
who shall be appointed by the President to serve at his pleasure, by
and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The President shall designate
one of the members of the Council to serve as Chairman. Each member shall
be a person who, as a result of his training, experience, and attainments,
is exceptionally well qualified to analyze and interpret environmental
trends and information of all kinds; to appraise programs and activities
of the Federal Government in the light of the policy set forth in title
I of this Act; to be conscious of and responsive to the scientific, economic,
social, aesthetic, and cultural needs and interests of the Nation; and
to formulate and recommend national policies to promote the improvement
of the quality of the environment.
Sec. 203 [42 USC § 4343].
(a) The Council may employ such officers and employees as may be necessary
to carry out its functions under this Act. In addition, the Council may
employ and fix the compensation of such experts and consultants as may
be necessary for the carrying out of its functions under this Act, in
accordance with section 3109 of title 5, United States Code (but without
regard to the last sentence thereof).
(b) Notwithstanding section 1342 of Title 31, the Council may accept
and employ voluntary and uncompensated services in furtherance of the
purposes of the Council.
Sec. 204 [42 USC § 4344]. It shall be the duty and function of
the Council --
(1) to assist and advise the President in the preparation of the Environmental
Quality Report required by section 201 [42 USC § 4341] of this title;
(2) to gather timely and authoritative information concerning the conditions
and trends in the quality of the environment both current and prospective,
to analyze and interpret such information for the purpose of determining
whether such conditions and trends are interfering, or are likely to
interfere, with the achievement of the policy set forth in title I of
this Act, and to compile and submit to the President studies relating
to such conditions and trends;
(3) to review and appraise the various programs and activities of the
Federal Government in the light of the policy set forth in title I of
this Act for the purpose of determining the extent to which such programs
and activities are contributing to the achievement of such policy, and
to make recommendations to the President with respect thereto;
(4) to develop and recommend to the President national policies to foster
and promote the improvement of environmental quality to meet the conservation,
social, economic, health, and other requirements and goals of the Nation;
(5) to conduct investigations, studies, surveys, research, and analyses
relating to ecological systems and environmental quality;
(6) to document and define changes in the natural environment, including
the plant and animal systems, and to accumulate necessary data and other
information for a continuing analysis of these changes or trends and
an interpretation of their underlying causes;
(7) to report at least once each year to the President on the state
and condition of the environment; and
(8) to make and furnish such studies, reports thereon, and recommendations
with respect to matters of policy and legislation as the President may
Sec. 205 [42 USC § 4345]. In exercising its powers, functions,
and duties under this Act, the Council shall --
(1) consult with the Citizens' Advisory Committee on Environmental Quality
established by Executive Order No. 11472, dated May 29, 1969, and with
such representatives of science, industry, agriculture, labor, conservation
organizations, State and local governments and other groups, as it deems
(2) utilize, to the fullest extent possible, the services, facilities
and information (including statistical information) of public and private
agencies and organizations, and individuals, in order that duplication
of effort and expense may be avoided, thus assuring that the Council's
activities will not unnecessarily overlap or conflict with similar activities
authorized by law and performed by established agencies.
Sec. 206 [42 USC § 4346]. Members of the Council shall serve full
time and the Chairman of the Council shall be compensated at the rate
provided for Level II of the Executive Schedule Pay Rates [5 USC § 5313].
The other members of the Council shall be compensated at the rate provided
for Level IV of the Executive Schedule Pay Rates [5 USC § 5315].
Sec. 207 [42 USC § 4346a]. The Council may accept reimbursements
from any private nonprofit organization or from any department, agency,
or instrumentality of the Federal Government, any State, or local government,
for the reasonable travel expenses incurred by an officer or employee
of the Council in connection with his attendance at any conference, seminar,
or similar meeting conducted for the benefit of the Council.
Sec. 208 [42 USC § 4346b]. The Council may make expenditures in
support of its international activities, including expenditures for:
(1) international travel; (2) activities in implementation of international
agreements; and (3) the support of international exchange programs in
the United States and in foreign countries.
Sec. 209 [42 USC § 4347]. There are authorized to be appropriated
to carry out the provisions of this chapter not to exceed $300,000 for
fiscal year 1970, $700,000 for fiscal year 1971, and $1,000,000 for each
fiscal year thereafter.
The Environmental Quality Improvement Act, as amended (Pub. L. No. 91-
224, Title II, April 3, 1970; Pub. L. No. 97-258, September 13, 1982;
and Pub. L. No. 98-581, October 30, 1984.
42 USC § 4372.
(a) There is established in the Executive Office of the President an
office to be known as the Office of Environmental Quality (hereafter
in this chapter referred to as the "Office"). The Chairman of the Council
on Environmental Quality established by Public Law 91-190 shall be the
Director of the Office. There shall be in the Office a Deputy Director
who shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent
of the Senate.
(b) The compensation of the Deputy Director shall be fixed by the President
at a rate not in excess of the annual rate of compensation payable to
the Deputy Director of the Office of Management and Budget.
(c) The Director is authorized to employ such officers and employees
(including experts and consultants) as may be necessary to enable the
Office to carry out its functions ;under this chapter and Public Law
91-190, except that he may employ no more than ten specialists and other
experts without regard to the provisions of Title 5, governing appointments
in the competitive service, and pay such specialists and experts without
regard to the provisions of chapter 51 and subchapter III of chapter
53 of such title relating to classification and General Schedule pay
rates, but no such specialist or expert shall be paid at a rate in excess
of the maximum rate for GS-18 of the General Schedule under section 5332
of Title 5.
(d) In carrying out his functions the Director shall assist and advise
the President on policies and programs of the Federal Government affecting
environmental quality by --
(1) providing the professional and administrative staff and support
for the Council on Environmental Quality established by Public Law 91-
(2) assisting the Federal agencies and departments in appraising the
effectiveness of existing and proposed facilities, programs, policies,
and activities of the Federal Government, and those specific major projects
designated by the President which do not require individual project authorization
by Congress, which affect environmental quality;
(3) reviewing the adequacy of existing systems for monitoring and predicting
environmental changes in order to achieve effective coverage and efficient
use of research facilities and other resources;
(4) promoting the advancement of scientific knowledge of the effects
of actions and technology on the environment and encouraging the development
of the means to prevent or reduce adverse effects that endanger the health
and well-being of man;
(5) assisting in coordinating among the Federal departments and agencies
those programs and activities which affect, protect, and improve environmental
(6) assisting the Federal departments and agencies in the development
and interrelationship of environmental quality criteria and standards
established throughout the Federal Government;
(7) collecting, collating, analyzing, and interpreting data and information
on environmental quality, ecological research, and evaluation.
(e) The Director is authorized to contract with public or private agencies,
institutions, and organizations and with individuals without regard to
section 3324(a) and (b) of Title 31 and section 5 of Title 41 in carrying
out his functions.
42 USC § 4373. Each Environmental Quality Report required by Public
Law 91-190 shall, upon transmittal to Congress, be referred to each standing
committee having jurisdiction over any part of the subject matter of
42 USC § 4374. There are hereby authorized to be appropriated for
the operations of the Office of environmental Quality and the Council
on Environmental Quality not to exceed the following sums for the following
fiscal years which sums are in addition to those contained in Public
Law 91- 190:
(a) $2,126,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1979.
(b) $3,000,000 for the fiscal years ending September 30, 1980, and September
(c) $44,000 for the fiscal years ending September 30, 1982, 1983, and
(d) $480,000 for each of the fiscal years ending September 30, 1985
42 USC § 4375.
(a) There is established an Office of Environmental Quality Management
Fund (hereinafter referred to as the "Fund") to receive advance payments
from other agencies or accounts that may be used solely to finance --
(1) study contracts that are jointly sponsored by the Office and one
or more other Federal agencies; and
(2) Federal interagency environmental projects (including task forces)
in which the Office participates.
(b) Any study contract or project that is to be financed under subsection
(a) of this section may be initiated only with the approval of the Director.
(c) The Director shall promulgate regulations setting forth policies
and procedures for operation of the Fund.