USDA’s Federally Recognized State Managed Phytosanitary (FRSMP) Program establishes an administrative process for granting Federal recognition to certain State-managed official control programs for plant pest eradication or containment. FRSMP programs address quarantine pests of limited distribution within the United States that are not being regulated under a Federal program or are being considered for deregulation, as well as regulated non-quarantine pests. In the interest of protecting areas that would be economically or environmentally endangered by the introduction of a quarantine pest of limited distribution, USDA will also consider State programs for plant pest exclusion.
Once a FRSMP program receives Federal recognition, USDA and the U.S. Department of Homeland Security have the authority to enforce at U.S. ports of entry requirements that are equivalent to the State’s restrictions before quarantine-affected imported goods are transported interstate. Under the program, USDA will regulate commodities infested with a particular pest arriving in or destined for protected States. States that desire Federal recognition of certain quarantines may petition USDA for this status. USDA has the authority to recognize FRSMP programs under Section 412 of the Plant Protection Act.
By recognizing FRSMP programs at the Federal level, the United States will more fully comply with its obligations under the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC), an international agreement on plant health with 177 current signatories. Signatory countries are expected to apply equivalent measures to import and domestic plant health (phytosanitary) regulations.
The IPPC is recognized by the World Trade Organization as the standard-setting body for international plant quarantine issues, and the United States has agreed to observe the IPPC’s general and specific principles as they relate to international trade. USDA’s Federally Recognized State Managed Phytosanitary Program will help to align U.S. policy with the IPPC’s International Standard for Phytosanitary Measure Number 5, Supplement Number 1 titled “Guidelines on the Interpretation and Application of the concept of Official Control for Regulated Pests.
Last Modified: October 15, 2012