USDA’s Federally Recognized State Managed Phytosanitary (FRSMP) Program establishes a process for granting Federal recognition to certain State-managed official control programs for plant pest eradication or containment. FRSMP programs address quarantine pests of limited distribution within the United States that are not being regulated under a Federal program or are being considered for deregulation, as well as regulated non-quarantine pests. In the interest of protecting areas that would be economically or environmentally endangered by the introduction of a quarantine pest of limited distribution, USDA will also consider State programs for plant pest exclusion.
If the USDA determines that a State quarantined pest program is adequate to control interstate and/or intrastate movement of a plant pest, the USDA and the U.S. Department of Homeland Security may decide to enforce federal entry requirements at U.S. ports of entry for any commodity, article, or means of conveyance that arrives infested with that State plant pest. Under the program, USDA will regulate commodities infested with a particular pest arriving in protected States. States that desire Federal recognition of certain quarantines may petition USDA for this status. USDA has the authority to recognize FRSMP programs under Section 411 and 414 of the Plant Protection Act.
By recognizing FRSMP programs at the Federal level, the United States will become compliant with US trade policy and its obligations under the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC), an international agreement on plant health with 177 current signatories. Signatory countries are expected to apply equivalent measures to import and domestic plant health (phytosanitary) regulations.
The IPPC is recognized by the World Trade Organization as the standard-setting body for international plant quarantine issues, and the United States has agreed to observe the IPPC’s general and specific principles as they relate to international trade. USDA’s Federally Recognized State Managed Phytosanitary Program will help to align U.S. policy with the IPPC’s International Standard for Phytosanitary Measure Number 5, Supplement Number 1 titled “Guidelines on the interpretation and application of the concepts of “official control” and “not widely distributed.”
Last Modified: November 13, 2013