The risk analysis process examines the plant pests and diseases that are known to be associated with a commodity, identifies those pests that are likely to remain on the commodity upon importation into the United States, and evaluates the mitigations that may be required to avoid, reduce, or eliminate the risk of pest introduction into the United States. APHIS conducts risk analyses in accordance with International Standard for Phytosanitary Measures No. 11, “Pest Risk Analysis for Quarantine Pests,” and its supplements, set by the International Plant Protection Convention.
The risk assessment is an analysis of the plant pests and diseases known to be associated with the commodity in the country of origin. The risk assessment identifies the pests likely to remain on the commodity upon importation into the United States if certain safeguards are not established. A risk assessment is drafted using the information provided by the NPPO in accordance with 7 CFR 319.5, scientific literature, operational information and experience, and consultation with entities both within and outside APHIS. In some cases, the risk assessment may only be a list of pests present in that country and that are known to affect the commodity under review. In other cases, the risk assessment may further analyze each pest that could be harmful if introduced into the United States and may include options that could be used to avoid, reduce, or eliminate the risk of pest introduction associated with the importation of the commodity. These options may include procedures such as phytosanitary inspection and certification; pre-export requirements such as growing season inspection; treatment; limited origin; port of entry inspection; treatment at destination, in transit or at the point of entry; post-entry quarantine; post-entry measures such as specific end-use requirements or limited distribution; prohibition of entry of specific commodities from specific origins; or a combination of these or other options (i.e., a systems approach).
The risk management analysis evaluates the mitigations that may be required to avoid, reduce, or eliminate the risk of pest introduction that could be associated with the importation of the commodity.
Drafting a Risk Assessment
Reviewing the Risk Assessment
By doing this, you will automatically receive notification from the Stakeholder Registry when risk assessments or pest lists are available for stakeholder consultation. During the consultation period, you will find the risk assessments or pest lists and additional information on the Stakeholder Risk Assessment Consultation website.
During the consultation period, we also provide a copy of the risk assessment or pest list to the subject country in preparation for the formal country consultation process.
Note: Your comments will be considered and may result in changes to the risk assessments or pest lists. However, we are unable to provide you with individual feedback regarding your comment. Please note that you will have additional opportunities to provide comments on our risk assessments or pest lists when the respective proposed rules or notices are available for comment in the Federal Register.
If the NPPO agrees with our risk assessment or pest list and mitigation options, we will prepare the risk management document.
If the NPPO has comments on our risk assessment or pest list and mitigation options, we will review the comments, modify the documents if necessary, and prepare the risk management document.
Last Modified: March 11, 2013