In order to meet U.S. entry requirements, certain fresh fruits and vegetables require the application of a quarantine treatment to mitigate pests that may pose a phytosanitary risk to US agriculture and natural resources. Irradiation is a viable option utilized for this purpose in some instances.
Click the links below for information to determine if an irradiation treatment is an option, and if applicable, the requirements to utilize irradiation treatments.
I want to use irradiation as a treatment to import a commodity. Where do I start?
Before a fresh fruit or vegetable becomes eligible for irradiation treatment into the U.S. it must first be approved for importation into the U.S. and listed in the Fruits and Vegetables Import Requirements Database (FAVIR). If a commodity is not listed in FAVIR then it is not currently eligible for entry and must be approved for importation via the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) commodity import approval process. This process begins with a request from the Plant Protection Organization of the originating country. For more concerning the commodity import approval process, view the Commodity Import Request Process APHIS web page.
I checked FAVIR. The commodity is eligible for entry, but irradiation is not listed as an approved treatment. What do I do?
If the commodity is eligible for entry AND requires a treatment other than irradiation, and you propose to replace the current treatment with an irradiation treatment, please contact:
Email: Paul Gadh
If the commodity is eligible for entry AND DOES NOT require any treatment to satisfy import requirements, apply for an import permit. If you have questions about this process contact:
Option 2: Irradiation conducted domestically at a USDA APHIS-PPQ Certified Treatment Irradiation Facility in the United States
Regardless of whether treatment takes place in the country of origin or in the United States, APHIS requires a signed Framework Equivalency Agreement that allows for bilateral trade in irradiated commodities. A bilaterally signed Operational Work Plan, with commodity specific Addenda, between APHIS and the Plant Protection Organization of the exporting country is also required. For more information concerning these agreements contact directly the exporting country’s Plant Protection Organization utilizing this list of contacts at: https://www.ippc.int/countries/contactpoints/. If the Plant Protection Organization of the exporting country agrees, it will make the formal request to APHIS for domestic irradiation.
Are there non-phytosanitary import requirements that I should be aware of?
Other Federal Agencies may have regulatory oversight on importations of food items into the United States. Requirements for Prior Notice, packaging for food safety and any other tariff, duties or quotas may be available from the applicable agency. Consider contacting the agencies below for additional information in advance of importation or product using irradiation: