Key Personnel/Identification of Roles and Responsibilities
Many incidents, whether major or minor, require an organized response
to handle effectively. To coordinate and effectively use all the available
resources, a formalized system for organization must be in place.
A formalized system lends consistency to the way team
members and agencies function in an emergency, and it fosters efficiency by
eliminating the need to “reinvent the wheel” for each new
It is essential that response organizations have a command structure
in place before an incident occurs. Such a system will help
avoid problems in communication and coordination and will facilitate
the protection of life and property.
The Incident Command System (ICS) achieves these goals by pre-establishing
a command structure that can be used for any incident. ICS identifies
the Incident Commander, the Command Staff, and the General Staff positions.
The ICS organizational structure may include five functional areas:
for overall command of the incident. May include Command Staff positions
for all tactical operations at the incident.
for collection, evaluation, dissemination, and use of information about
incident development and the status of resources.
for providing facilities, services, and materials for the incident.
for all costs and financial considerations of the incident.