APHIS evaluated a range of alternatives for a nationally coordinated feral swine damage management program and selected the Integrated APHIS National Feral Swine Damage Management Program, a nationally coordinated response to reduce and, in some areas, eliminate the risks and damage inflicted by feral swine to agriculture, property, natural and cultural resources, and human health. APHIS serves as the lead federal agency in a cooperative effort with other agency partners, tribes, organizations, and local entities that share a common interest in reducing or eliminating problems caused by feral swine. The program is implemented according to applicable federal, state, tribal and local laws, and in accordance with local management objectives for feral swine. The selected alternative is also the environmentally preferable alternative.
Program activities are implemented in all or most states and territories where feral swine occur. In states where feral swine are an infrequent occurrence or populations are low, APHIS cooperates with local and state agencies and tribes to implement strategies to eliminate feral swine. In areas with established or high density swine populations, APHIS works with tribes, and territory, state and local agencies and organizations to meet locally determined management objectives, which may include reducing statewide populations or eliminating swine from specific locations. Key program components are threefold and include:
Multiple alternatives were compared by assessing their effects on a number of potentially affected environmental resources and issues:
National Environmental Policy Act process
Research for the Environmental Impact Study began early in the NEPA process and involved cooperating agencies, the general public, tribal governments, APHIS stakeholders, and minority and historically underserved communities. APHIS held a public scoping meeting in May 2013. Input from scoping meetings was used to help develop the content of draft EIS. APHIS released its draft EIS in December, 2014 for a 45-day public comment period. After careful consideration of the public comments, APHIS released the final Environmental Impact Statement on June 6, 2015. The FEIS was available for public inspection for 30-days prior to the release of the record of decision.
For more information about APHIS’ national feral swine damage management program, please contact the APHIS Wildlife Services program in your state by calling 1-866-4USDA-WS (866-487-3297) or use our Wildlife Services Directory.