Cunningham, Fred

Fred L. Cunningham, DVM

Fred L. Cunningham, DVM, is a Supervisory Wildlife Research Biologist and Project Leader at the National Wildlife Research Center Starkville, Mississippi Field Station. 

NWRC Research Project: Defining Economic Impacts and Developing Strategies for Reducing Avian Predation in Aquaculture Systems

Current Research                      

Can fish eating birds transfer Virulent Aeromonas hydrophila between catfish pond

Antibody production and genetic drift of H3N2 Influenza A virus in feral swine                                          


  • Certificate, Executive Veterinary Program in Swine Health and Management, University of Illinois,
  • D.V.M., Doctor of Veterinary Medicine – Mississippi State University-College of Veterinary Medicine
  • M.S., Animal Science, 1981, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia
  • B.S., Animal Science, 1979, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana              

Contact information

  • Address: USDA/APHIS/WS/NWRC Mississippi Field Station PO Box 6099, Mississippi State, MS 39762
  • Telephone: 662-325-8612
  • Fax: 662-325-8704
  • Email:



Bailey, E., L. Long, N. Zhao, J.S. Hall, J.A. Baroch, J. Nolting, L. Senter, F.L. Cunningham, G.T. Pharr, L. Hanson, R. Slemons, T.J. DeLiberto, and X. Wan. 2016. Antigenic characterization of H3 subtypes of avian influenza A viruses from North America.Avian Diseases 60:346-353.  doi: 10.1637/11086-041015-Reg.1  

King, D.T., J. Fischer, B. Strickland, W.D. Walter, F.L. Cunningham, and G. Wang. 2016. Winter and summer home ranges of American White Pelicans (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos) captured at loafing sites in the southeastern United States. Waterbirds 39(3):287-294.  doi: 10.1675/063.039.0308

Keiter, D.A., F.L. Cunningham, O.E. Rhodes, Jr., B.J. Irwin, and J.C. Beasley. 2016. Optimization of scat detection methods for a social ungulate, the wild pig, and experimental evaluation of factors affecting detection of scat. PLoS One 11(5): e0155615.  doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0155615 

Kierepka, E.M., S.D. Unger, D.A. Keiter, J.C. Beasley, O.E. Rhodes Jr., F. L. Cunningham, and A.J. Piaggio. 2016. Identification of robust microsatellite markers for wild pig fecal DNA. Journal of Wildlife Management 80:1120-1128.  doi: 10.1002/jwmg.21102  

Xu, Y., E. Bailey, E. Spackman, T. Li, H. Wang, L-P. Long, J.A. Baroch, F.L. Cunningham, X. Lin, R.G. Jarman, T.J. DeLiberto, and X-F. Wan. 2016. Limited antigenic diversity in contemporary H7 avian-origin influenza A viruses from North America. Scientific Reports 6:20688.   doi:  10.1038/srep20688  


Beasley, J., S.C. Webster, O.E. Rhodes Jr., and F.L. Cunningham. 2015. Evaluation of Rhodamine B as a biomarker for assessing bait acceptance in wild pigs. Wildlife Society Bulletin 39(1):188-192.  doi:  10.1002/wsb.510  

Sun, H., F.L. Cunningham, J. Harris, Y. Xu, L-P. Long, K. Hanson-Dorr, J.A. Baroch, P. Fioranelli, M.W. Lutman, T. Li, K. Pedersen, B.S. Schmit, J. Cooley, X. Lin,  R.G. Jarman, T.J. Deliberto, X-F. Wan. 2015. Dynamics of virus shedding and antibody responses in influenza A virus-infected feral swine. Journal of General Virology 96(9):2569-2578.  doi:10.1099/jgv.0.000225

Jubirt, M.M., L.A. Hanson, K.C. Hanson-Dorr, L. Ford, S. Lemmons, P. Fioranelli, and F.L. Cunningham. 2015. Potential for Great Egrets (Ardea alba) to transmit a virulent strain of Aeromonas hydrophila among channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) culture ponds. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 51(3):634-639. doi: 10.7589/2014-06-156


Cunningham, F.L., S.W. Jack, D. Hardin, and R.W. Wills. 2014. Risk factors associated with enteric septicemia of catfish on Mississippi commercial catfish farms. Journal of Aquatic Animal Health 26(2):84-90.  doi: 10.1080/08997659.2014.886635


Feng, Z., J.A. Baroch, L.-P. Long, Y. Xu., F.L. Cunningham, K. Pedersen, M.W. Lutman, B.S. Schmit, A.S. Bowman, T.J. DeLiberto, and X.-F. Wan. 2014. Influenza A Subtype H3 viruses in feral swine, United States, 2011-2012. Emerging Infectious Diseases 20(5): 843-846. doi: 10.3201/eid2005.131578.

Cunningham F.L., Jack, S.W., Hardin D,  and Wills, R.W.  Pond-level risk factors associated with columnaris disease on Mississippi commercial catfish farms. Journal of Aquatic Animal Health 2012 Sep;24(3):178-84. doi: 10.1080/08997659.2012.675932.

Feng, Z., J. Gomez, A. Bowman, J. Ye, L.-P. Long, B. Martin, K. Jia, J. Nolting, F. Cunningham, C. Cardona, J. Zhang, K.J. Yoon, R. Slemons, and X.-F. Wan. Antigenic and genetic characterization of swine influenza viruses from Ohio agricultural fairs. Journal of Virology, 87(13):7655-7667.

Wan, X.-F., J. L. Barnett, F. Cunningham, S. Chen, M. G. Yang, S. Nash, L.-P. Long, L. Ford, S. Blackmon, Y. Zhang, L. Hanson, and Q. He. Detection of African Swine Fever Virus-like Sequences in Ponds in the Mississippi Delta through Metagenomic Sequencing. Virus Genes, 46(3):441-446.

Ye, J., Y. Xu, J. Harris, A.S. Bowman, F. Cunningham, C. Cardona, K. J. Yoon, R. D. Selmons, and X.-F. Wan. Mutation from arginine to lysine at the position 189 of hemagglutinin contributes to the antigenic drift in H3N2 swine influenza viruses. Virology, 446(1-2):225-9


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