Oct. 4, 2017 - On September 12, APHIS published a final rule allowing the import of Japanese persimmons. APHIS scientists prepared a pest risk analysis and determined that commercial shipments of persimmons with calyxes produced under a systems approach can safely be imported into the continental United States. The systems approach includes requirements for packing house registration, orchard monitoring and control of pests, fruit culling, biometric sampling, a phytosanitary certificate with additional declaration, port of entry inspection, and traceback. These measures will protect the United States against the introduction of plant pests. The rule will take effect on October 12, 2017.