Animal Care Enforcement Summary (AWA and HPA)

Animal Care Enforcement Summary (AWA and HPA)

Animal Welfare Act (AWA)

With respect to alleged violations of the Animal Welfare Act (AWA), in fiscal year (FY) 2017, APHIS initiated 205 cases; issued 157 official warnings; issued 13 pre-litigation settlements resulting in the collection of $89,850 in stipulated penalties; and obtained administrative orders assessing $467,150 in civil penalties. APHIS negotiated several strong administrative consent decisions under the AWA, including one involving a business operating as both a research facility and dealer that agreed to the assessment of a $185,000 civil penalty, and a suspension of its dealer’s license. In another case, a business operating as a research facility paid a $33,000 settlement to resolve allegations that the business violated the AWA on multiple occasions, resulting in the death of 24 guinea pigs.

Totals FY 2015 FY 2016 FY 2017
Cases Initiated 290 239 205
Warnings 181 192 157
Settlement Agreements 28 32 13
Stipulated Penalties Assessed $145,212 $189,400 $89,850
Non-Monetary Stipulations 7 5 1
Referrals to OGC 37 (alleged violators)
27 (cases)
43 (alleged violators)
32 (cases)
16 (alleged violators)
12 (cases)
Administrative Complaints 36 23 2
Administrative Decisions 26 39 35
Civil Penalties Assessed $23,500 $3,840,299 $467,150


Horse Protection Act

With respect to alleged violations of the Horse Protection Act (HPA), in fiscal year (FY) 2017, APHIS initiated cases involving 380 individuals; issued 213 official warnings; obtained 88 administrative orders assessing $113,000 in civil penalties; and disqualified 85 individuals from participating in activities regulated under the HPA. In one case, APHIS entered into a consent decision in which the individual acknowledged entering or showing five different horses, on five separate occasions in 2013, 2016, and 2017, while the horses were sore, in violation of the HPA. The consent decision disqualified the individual for a period of two years from showing, exhibiting, or entering any horse in any horse show, exhibition, sale, or auction; and assessed a $6,000 civil penalty. In another case, after filing an administrative complaint alleging nine instances of entering, showing, and/or transporting six different horses, while the horses were sore, APHIS entered into a consent decision assessing an uninterrupted seven-year disqualification.

Totals FY 2015 FY 2016 FY 2017
Cases Initiated 233 438 75
Warnings 503 956 213
Settlement Agreements 1 0 0
Stipulated Penalties Assessed $1,500 $0 $0
Non-Monetary Stipulations 0 0 0
Referrals to OGC 103 (subjects)
35 (cases)
21 (alleged violators)
20 (cases)
380 (alleged violators)
52 (cases)
Administrative Complaints 25 17 188*
Administrative Decisions 16 33 88*
Civil Penalties Assessed $9,900 $20,400 $113,000

* Reflects individual docket numbers

Learn more about the Horse Protection Act Disqualification List

 

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