APHIS supports cattle and bison health and the associated industries through domestic and global programs and partnerships that address a range of priority disease issues.
The overarching goal of the Cattle Health Program is to partner with State, industry, allied Federal agencies, Tribal governments, and other stakeholders to 1) rapidly detect significant diseases or other incidents that could affect the U.S. cattle and bison population, harm human and/or environmental health and damage the economy; 2) prevent the introduction and spread of any detected devastating disease or endemic cattle and bison diseases of concern; and conduct surveillance to find animal diseases or animal health incidents, and 3) provide confidence to our international trading partners that certain diseases or animal health related issues do not exist in the U.S. cattle and bison population or cattle and bison in defined regions of the U.S., thus facilitating trade. The capabilities developed to respond to cattle and bison diseases may also be utilized to respond to other cattle and bison health emergencies (e.g., natural disasters, terrorist incidents, etc.).
Internationally, APHIS supports the cattle and bison industry through programs that prevent the entry of foreign animal diseases into the U.S. and that address trade concerns.The cattle and bison health program has been successful in protecting the U.S. cattle industry from economic loss by rapidly detecting foreign, emerging, re-emerging, or domestic program diseases and in preventing their spread.
In 1917, the US Bureau of Animal Industry began the national TB eradication program due to human and livestock concerns regarding bTB. It started out as strictly an eradication program for cattle but eventually included both bison and captive cervids.
The two primary purposes of ongoing surveillance are to continue to assess and monitor changes in the BSE status of U.S. cattle and to provide a mechanism to detect BSE if prevalence increases above one infected animal per million adult cattle.
CHC works closely with other Surveillance, Preparedness, and Response Services (SPRS) Centers and the 6 Districts which are responsible for field operations across the United States. CHC supports the National Preparedness and Incident Coordination staﬀ in the development of plans and policies focused on Foreign Animal Disease prevention and response activities.
Insects, and other arthropods like ticks (vectors) can transmit diseases and/or cause injury to cattle. Cattle Health works with partner agencies to identify, control, and eradicate vector-borne disease threats.
Learn more about Animal Disease such as Foot and Mouth Disease, New World Screwworm, Jones in Cattle and Vesicular stomatitis.