Requirements for Importation of Equine Semen and Embryos into the United States.
An import permit is necessary for import of equine semen, embryos and cloning tissue into the United States. Equine semen originating from Canada is the exception.
A health certificate is required for the importation of semen, embryos and cloning tissue. The donor stallion must test negative for dourine using a complement fixation test and be free from any quarantine or movement restriction for not less than 60 days prior to semen collection.
Any semen or embryos from countries affected with African horse sickness (AHS) is prohibited.
The official health certification must be endorsed by a full-time salaried veterinarian of the agency responsible for animal health of the national government of the exporting country of origin.
Equine semen/embryos from countries affected with FMD must be accompanied by a supplementary certificate, "Importation of Equine Semen/Embryos into the United States from Countries Affected with Foot-and-Mouth Disease." The certification must contain as follows:
For semen, the certificate must certify either that:
The semen extender does not contain milk or egg products; OR
If milk products were used as a semen extender; the milk products originated from a country recognized as free of foot-and-mouth disease by USDA.
If egg products were used, the egg originated from a country or region recognized by USDA at the time of semen collection as free of Newcastle Disease and not affected with notifiable avian influenza.
For embryos, the certificate must certify that:
The embryos have not been processed with ruminant products; OR
If ruminant products were used to process the embryos; the ruminant products originated from a country recognized by USDA as free of foot-and-mouth disease and bovine spongiform encephalopathy.
Equine semen and embryos and containers and tanks from a country affected with FMD shall be disinfected at the airport in the exporting country prior to departure and again upon arrival to the United States. An Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) veterinarian shall supervise the disinfection of the container/tanks to ensure that the outside of all semen or embryo containers/tanks are thoroughly treated.
List of countries APHIS VS considers to be free of Foot-and-Mouth Disease