ADVISORY: Until further notice1, live avian commodities (including eggs for hatching) from the following countries or regions have been prohibited entry to the United States due to the presence of highly pathogenic avian influenza: Afghanistan, Albania, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Benin, Bhutan, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Djibouti, Egypt, Ghana, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Ivory Coast (Côte d'Ivoire), Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Laos, Lebanon, Libya, Macau, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palestinian Autonomous Territories, People's Republic of China, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, South Korea, South Sudan, Sudan, Taipei Chinese/Taiwan, Thailand, Togo, Turkey, Ukraine, and Vietnam.
1 The United States negotiates avian disease surveillance plans with various trading partners. The above advisory list may not encompass all areas or regions for which APHIS considers to be affected with highly pathogenic avian influenza. Importers are urged to contact APHIS and inquire about any additional restrictions.
Pet Birds The USDA defines pet birds as those that are imported for personal pleasure of their individual owners and are not intended for resale. Birds which the USDA defines as poultry, including doves and pigeons, are not considered pets and are imported under different rules.
All non-U.S. origin pet birds may be imported into the United States. If they are exporting from one of the countries listed on the Advisory list above there are additional import requirements. Pet birds are required to be quarantined for 30 days in a USDA Animal Import Center at the owner’s expense. A reservation at the facility must be made in advance by contacting the USDA.
In order to enter the United States, provide the following:
NOTE: If pet birds arrive at the first U.S. port of entry without all, or partial documentation, the shipment is considered non- compliant. The pet bird shipment is subject to: refused entry into the U.S., seizure (which may result in loss of ownership), or a non-compliant fee imposed- payable at the port of entry to the USDA port veterinarian.
Pet Birds Imported from Canada through a land border do not need an import permit. Pet birds importing via a sea or air port are required to apply for an import permit (permit application is VS Form 17-129). There is no quarantine requirement for pet birds which import from Canada via any port. All pet birds are subject to veterinary inspection upon entry. Arrangements for veterinary inspection must be made 3 working days prior to arrival with the port vet office at the U.S. port of entry. The phone to the port USDA veterinary office can be found here or on the import permit.
Note: All non- U.S origin pet birds presenting for entry from Mexico must undergo a 30 day federal quarantine. Importers should not use a land border port to enter the United States. There are pre-export criteria that must be satisfied before leaving Mexico. Follow this link to obtain more information
It is recommended that Canadian citizens traveling to Mexico with pet birds return directly to Canada, without stopping in the U.S.
Exporting Country Veterinary Health Certification
A Veterinary Health Certificate is required for all pet birds imported into the United States. The certificate must:
Health certificates that accompany imported live avian shipments must indicate that:
How to Obtain an USDA Import Permit and Reserve Space at a Quarantine Center
All non-U.S. origin pet birds imported into the United States (except from Canada) are required to be quarantined for 30 days in a USDA animal import quarantine facility at the owner's expense. A reservation at the facility must be made in advance by contacting the USDA port veterinarian at one of the special ports-of-entry listed below. A cost estimate for the quarantine will be provided at that time. Once the reservation is made and payment is received in full for all quarantine services, the animal import quarantine facility will issue a USDA import permit (apply using VS Form 17-129). This permit must accompany the bird while in transit.
USDA Quarantine Centers and Ports of Entry
All non-U.S. origin pet birds must enter the country and undergo quarantine at one of the following import quarantine facilities. These are the only ports of entry available for importing non-U.S. origin pet birds.
New York, New York
230-59 Rockaway Blvd.
Jamaica, NY 11413
Telephone (718) 553-3570
Fax (718) 553-3572
Miami Animal Import Center
6300 NW 36 Street
Miami, FL 33122
Telephone (305) 876-2200
Fax (305) 876-2201
Additional Requirements for Pet birds exporting from countries on the Advisory List;
The advisory list consists of countries the USDA considers to be affected with Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI). Birds which import from these select countries must undergo additional steps to the import process. To learn more about what the importer needs to do, access this link:Export from an Advisory listed country
Fish and Wildlife Service Permit Information
In the United States, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) regulates the importation of birds protected by the Convention on International trade in Endangered Species (CITES) and the Wild Bird Conservation Act of 1992 (WBCA). These regulations are part of international conservation effort to protect exotic wild birds subject to trade. Most exotic pet birds including parrots, parakeets, macaws, lories, and cockatoos are affected by CITES and the WBCA. However, the budgerigar, cockatiel, and rosy-faced lovebirds are exempt.
According to the WBCA, in order to import a pet bird of non-U.S. origin into the United States, you must have continuously resided outside of the United States for at least one year. In addition, the WBCA limits the number of pet birds that can be imported to two birds per person, per year. All required WBCA and CITES permits must accompany the bird while in transit.
Please visit the FWS web site at: http://permits.fws.gov/ to obtain more information and the permit application. If you have questions you can contact the FWS at (800) 358-2104. Overseas calls should be placed to (703) 358-2104.
How to Contact Us
If you need additional information about importing pet birds into the United States, please contact the:
USDA, APHIS, Veterinary Services
National Import and Export Services
4700 River Road, Unit 39
Riverdale, MD 20737
(301) 851-3300 telephone
(301) 734-4704 fax