The 2008 United States Animal Health Report offers an in-depth look at the status of APHIS programs and strategies that help ensure the health of U.S. livestock, poultry, and aquaculture. In particular, the report examines the significant animal health events of 2008, while highlighting areas of strategic focus and expansion essential to maintaining a dynamic animal health safeguarding system.
2008 U.S. Animal Health Report (pdf - complete report)
Table of Contents (pdf)
Chapter 1: Significant Animal Health Events in 2008 (pdf)
Part of the APHIS-VS mission involves detecting, monitoring, and responding to animal health events of statewide, regional, national, and international significance. This chapter documents several important animal health events that occurred in the United States during 2008.
Chapter 2: Prevention and Preparedness (pdf)
APHIS-VS focuses on protecting the Nation's animal health and facilitating safe agricultural trade. This chapter highlights VS programs and activities aimed at disease prevention and preparedness.
Chapter 3: Detection and Early Response (pdf)
Monitoring and surveillance for foreign and emerging animal diseases are critical components of APHIS’ mission. This chapter includes updates on APHIS programs and activities that are aimed at ensuring rapid detection of, and early response to, animal disease threats, as well as the development and application of new technologies for early and rapid disease detection.
Chapter 4: Animal Disease Eradication, Control, and Certification (pdf)
This chapter describes APHIS programs that are designed to eradicate, control, or prevent diseases that threaten the biological and commercial health of U.S. livestock and poultry industries. Disease surveillance is a critical component of these efforts, and this chapter also discusses the enhanced surveillance plans being developed for some program diseases.
Chapter 5: Monitoring and Surveillance Animal Diseases (pdf)
One of the goals of the National Animal Health Surveillance System is monitoring and surveillance for diseases with a major impact on animal production and marketing. This chapter describes some of the national studies coordinated by the National Animal Health Monitoring System (NAHMS) program unit. In addition, the chapter looks at vaccination practices in several livestock industries in the United States.
Chapter 6: Overview of U.S. Livestock, Poultry, and Aquaculture Production in 2008 (pdf)
Official statistics for U.S. livestock, poultry, and aquaculture populations are published by USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS). These statistics are based on the Census of Agriculture conducted every 5 years (e.g., 2002 and 2007) and surveys conducted monthly, quarterly, or annually as determined by the particular commodity. This chapter provides an overview of the latest NASS statistics available in 2008.
Chapter 7: The Changing Veterinary Health Mission (pdf)
This chapter describes some of the programs and activities APHIS has undertaken to meet the challenges posed by an evolving national animal health landscape. This chapter also highlights the expanding animal health-public health interface and some of the ongoing APHIS activities in this area.
Appendix 1—Statistics on Major Commodities (pdf)
Appendix 2—OIE-Reportable Diseases in the United States (pdf)
Appendix 3—Animal Health Contacts in the United States (pdf)
Appendix 4—Acronyms and Abbreviations (pdf)