CWD in Farmed Herds
The APHIS National CWD Herd Certification Program (HCP) is designed to be a voluntary federal -state- industry cooperative program administered by APHIS and implemented by participating states. The 2012 interim final CWD rule published in the Federal Register on June 13, 2012 addresses the needs of the farmed cervid industry and concerns of State animal health and wildlife partners, and establishes the national voluntary CWD HCP. This program was developed in coordination with States and the farmed cervid industry. States may apply to become an Approved State HCP if they meet (or exceed) national program requirements. Cervid owners can enroll and participate in their Approved State CWD HCP. Based on availability of appropriated funding, APHIS may provide for herd owner enrollment directly in the national program if no Approved State CWD HCP exists in that herd owner's State. National CWD HCP requirements include fencing, individual animal ID's, regular inventories, and testing of all animals over 12 months that die for any reason. With each year of successful surveillance, participating herds will advance in status until reaching five years with no evidence of CWD, at which time herds are certified as being low risk for CWD. Interstate movement of animals will be dependent on participation in the program, maintaining compliance with program requirements, and having achieved herd certification status. A copy of the CWD Program Standards is available for further details on the National CWD HCP.
The 2012 interim final rule for the Chronic Wasting Disease Herd Certification Program and Interstate Movement of Farmed or Captive Deer, Elk, and Moose is available through this website link to the Federal Register. Several states already have CWD monitoring or certification programs for captive herds. To find out more about your state's activities related to CWD, visit the State Information page for links to state agriculture agencies or go to the CWD Alliance website at www.cwd-info.org.
Summary of Nationwide Chronic Wasting Disease Testing in Farmed/Captive Cervids:
Since 1998 samples from farmed/captive cervids have been tested with assistance from APHIS as concerns continued to build for the risk of introduction and transmission of CWD in farmed cervid herds. By mid-2012, 55 cervid herds in 11 States were reported to be CWD positive. View a graph of annual totals of CWD surveillance in farmed/captive cervid herds and a map depicting states with CWD in farmed/captive cervid herds.
Last Modified: April 9, 2013